About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? September 1890.
What is it made out of? Sculpture: polished and rough-hewn pink granite with bronze elements; Base: rough-hewn pink granite.
What size is it? Sculpture: approx. H. 12 ft. x Diam. 222 in.; Base: approx. 15 in. x 6 ft. x 6 ft.
Who made it? Unknown, sculptor.
What does it depict? Columnar monument with alternately rough-hewn and smooth surfaces and an apexed top. Reliefs on the front include the iron cross Corps insignia and the Pennsylvania State Seal. Monument has two flanking markers. The shaft has inscriptions incised in the polished courses and a state seal appears on the west side. Overall height is 18.5 feet. Flanking markers are one foot square with apex tops.
How is it inscribed? 12TH PENNSYLVANIA RESERVE/41ST INFANTRY/MUSTERED IN MAY 30-JULY 3, 1861 MUSTERED OUT JUNE 11, 1864/RECRUITED IN PHILADELPHIA WYOMING BRADFORD DAUPHIN NORTHAMPTON/WESTMORELAND YORK INDIANA HUNTINGDON AND FRANKLIN COUNTIES/PRESENT AT GETTYSBURG 26 OFFICERS AND 294 MEN/KILLED 1 MAN WOUNDED 1 MAN/TOTAL ENROLLMENT 1100/KILLED AND DIED OF WOUNDS 1 OFFICER AND 112 MEN DIED OF DISEASE ETC. 1 OFFICER AND 69 MEN/15 ” 5 ” 211 ” CAPTURED OR MISSING 2 ” 5? 95?/TOTAL CASUALTIES 506 (On rear:) 3D BRIGADE 3D DIVISION/5TH CORPS/DRANESVILLE MECHANICSVILLE GAINES MILL GLENDALE OR NEW MARKET CROSS ROADS MALVERN HILL GROVETON 2D BULL RUN/SOUTH MOUNTAIN ANTIETAM FREDERICKSBURG GETTYSBURG BRISTOE/STATION RAPPAHANOCK STATION MINE RUN WILDERNESS SPOTSYLVANIA/NORTH ANNA TOTOPOTOMY BETHESDA CHURCH/OCCUPIED THIS POSITION ON THE EVENING OF JULY 2D AND/HELD IT TO THE CLOSE OF THE BATTLE
When was this photograph taken? December 10, 2006.
Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, Summit of Big Round Top, South Confederate Avenue, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? No.
Has this monument been moved or changed? This monument has not been moved or materially altered.
The 12th Pennsylvania Reserve was also known as The 41st Infantry. During the battle of Gettysburg, it served as a member of Fisher’s Brigade in Crawford’s Division of the Fifth Corps, Army of the Potomac.
Commander: Col. Martin D. Hardin (1837-1923). From Illinois; graduate of USMA class of 1859. Served with the 3rd Artillery. Wounded at Second Manassas and during the Mine Run Campaign. Retired as a brigadier general in 1870 and became a lawyer in Chicago.
Number Engaged: 320
Casualties: 1 killed, 1 wounded
Raised: Philadelphia; counties of Bradford, Dauphin, Indiana, Huntindon, Franklin, Northhampton, Westmoreland, Wyoming, and York.
Regimental History ~ Dyer’s Compendium of the War of the Rebellion:
Organized at Harrisburg August, 1861. At Camp Curtin until August 10. Moved to Washington, D.C.; thence to Tennallytown, Md., August 10-13. Attached to 3rd Brigade, McCall’s Pennsylvania Reserves Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to April, 1862. 3rd Brigade, McCall’s Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to June, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to August, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 3rd Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to February, 1863. 3rd Brigade, Pennsylvania Reserves Division, 22nd Corps, Dept. of Washington, to June, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1864.
SERVICE.–Duty at Tennallytown, Md., August 13 to October 10, 1861, and at Camp Pierpont, near Langley, Va., to March, 1862. Expedition to Grinnell’s Farm December 6, 1861. Action at Dranesville December 20, 1861. Advance on Manassas, Va., March 10-15, 1862. McDowell’s advance on Falmouth April 9-19. Duty at Fredericksburg until June. Moved to White House June 9-12. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Battles of Mechanicsville June 26; Gaines’ Mill June 27; Charles City Cross Roads, Glendale June 30; Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison’s Landing until August 16. Movement to join Pope August 16-26. Battles of Gainesville August 28; Groveton August 30; Bull Run August 30. Maryland Campaign September 6-24. Bat- tles of South Mountain September 14; Antietam September 16-17. Duty in Maryland until October 30. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 19. Bat- tle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. “Mud March” January 20-24, 1863. Ordered to Washington, D.C., February 6, and duty there and at Alexandria until June 25. Ordered to rejoin Army of the Potomac in the field. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee July 5-24. Duty on the Rapidan until October. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Guard Orange & Alexander Railroad until April, 1864. Rapidan Campaign May 4-31. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Laurel Hill May 8; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. Harris Farm May 19. North Anna River May 23-26. Jericho Mills, or Ford, May 25. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Mustered out June 11, 1864. Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 110 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 69 Enlisted men by disease. Total 181.
Pennsylvania at Gettysburg
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