The One Hundred Twenty Third New York Infantry is honored by a monument and a position stone at Gettysburg.
About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? Sept. 4, 1888.
What is it made out of? Granite with bronze medallions.
What size is it? Sculpture: approx. H. 7 ft.; Base: approx. 18 ft. 2 in. x 8 ft. x 8 ft.
Who made it? Hamilton, J. G., sculptor. Smith Granite Company, fabricator.
What does it depict? An allegorical female figure representing History inscribing the names of New York’s fallen at Gettysburg on a tablet that she holds in her proper left hand. She is seated atop a tall square base adorned with bronze inscription plaques and a circular coat-of-arms. The monument cost $4,000. Monument is a three-part granite shaft with a statue of History on top and set on an eight foot square base. The lower part of the shaft is rough cut with a bronze plaque. The middle part is rough and smooth cut with polished excised letters and a bronze medallion, and the upper part is a rough cut rampart. Overall height is 18.2 feet.
How is it inscribed? July 1: Marched from Littlestown; Formed line of battle on Wolf Hill; Bivouaced near Baltimore Pike. July 2: Advanced to this line and built a heavy breastwork of logs. At about 6 p.m. moved to support the left near Little Round Top; Returning in the night found works in possession of enemy, as no troops were left to occupy them. July 3: At about 11 a.m. made a charge and recovered these works; About 4 p.m. moved to support line then repelled Pickett’s Charge; A little later had a sharp skirmish in front of this line; At night repelled an attack with heavy loss to the enemy. July 4: Made reconnaissance around Wolf Hill and through Gettysburg over the Hanover Road.
When was this photograph taken? February 7, 2009.
Where is it located? Located at Gettysburg National Military Park, Slocum Avenue, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325. Located on the east side of Slocum Avenue.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? Located on extended tour route that includes Culp’s Hill.
Has this monument been moved or changed? This monument has not been moved or materially altered. The figure’s nose was broken off in Sept. 1912.
Secondary Monuments and Markers
Photographed: May 1, 2010.
Location: 100 yards east of the main monument on Culp’s Hill, South Slocum Avenue.
Description: Position Marker indicates skirmish line afternoon July 3, 1863, located 189 feet East of Monument in woods. Markers 1′sq x 1’10″. A star is inscribed on the top of the monument.
The 123rd New York Infantry was also known as The Washington County Regiment. During the battle of Gettysburg, it served as a member of McDougall’s Brigade in Williams’ Division of the Twelfth Corps, Army of the Potomac.
Commander: Lt. Col. James Clarence Rogers (1838-1907)
Number Engaged: 495
Casualties: 3 killed, 10 wounded, 1 missing
After Action Report: After Action Report of Lieut. Col. James C. Rogers (will open a pop up window).
Raised: Washington County.
Regimental History ~ Dyer’s Compendium of the War of the Rebellion:
Organized at Salem, N.Y., and mustered in September 4, 1862. Left State for Washington, D.C., September 5, 1862. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to October, 1863, and Army of the Cumberland to April, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 20th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to June, 1865.
SERVICE.–Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C., until September 29, 1862, and at Frederick, Md., and Sandy Hook until December 13, 1862. Moved to support of Burnside at Fredericksburg, Va., December 10-14. At Stafford Court House until April 27, 1863. “Mud March” January 20-24. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va., July 5-24. Duty on line of the Rappahannock until September. Moved to Bealeton Station, Va., thence to Stevenson, Ala., September 24-October 4. Guard duty along Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad until April, 1864. Action near Tullahoma, Tenn., March 16, 1864. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1-September 8. Operations against Rocky Faced Ridge May 8-11. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Near Cassville May 19. Advance on Dallas May 22-25. New Hope Church May 25. Battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 26-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2.: Pine Hill June 11-14. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Gilgal or Golgotha Church June 15. Muddy Creek June 17. Noyes’ Creek June 19. Kolb’s Farm June 22. Assault on Kenesaw Mountain June 27. Ruff’s Station, Smyrna Camp Ground, July 4. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Peach Tree Creek July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Operations at Chattahoochie River Bridge August 26-September 2. Occupation of Atlanta September 2-November 15. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Thompson’s Creek, near Chesterfield Court House, S.C., and near Cheraw March 2. Averysboro, N. C., March 16. Battle of Bentonville March 19-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24, and of Raleigh April 14. Bennett’s House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 20. Grand Review May 24. Mustered out June 8, 1865. Veterans and Recruits transferred to 60th New York Infantry. Regiment lost during service 6 Officers and 66 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 95 Enlisted men by disease. Total 167.
New York at Gettysburg
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