The Fourth Ohio Infantry is honored by a monument and a position marker at Gettysburg.
About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? September 14, 1887.
What is it made out of? Zinc.
What size is it? Approx. 10 ft. x 87 in. x 87 in.
Who made it? Laird, Peter B., designer. Monumental Bronze Company, founder. W. N. Miller, Deatrich & Rumner, contractor.
What does it depict? Ornate pedestal stands on a simulated rough-hewn base. Relief elements on the pedestal include a State Seal, eight crossed flags, an eagle with four crossed flags and weapons and three crossed rifles. A uniformed sentry figure and shaft stands on top of the pedestal. Commissioned for $2,500 by the Veteran’s Association of the 4th Ohio, this monument is one of 20 honoring Ohio troops who participated in the Gettysburg campaign. It is also one of the few zinc or “white bronze” pieces in the park.
What does it honor? It marks the position held by the 4th Ohio Infantry where they helped repel a Confederate assault from reaching the crest of Cemetery Hill.
How is it inscribed? ON THE EVENING/OF/JULY 2, 1863,/CARROLL’S BRIGADE/WAS SENT FROM ITS/POSITION WITH THE 2ND/CORPS TO RE-ENFORCE/THIS PORTION OF THE/LINE, AND THIS MONUMENT/MARKS THE POSITION/WHERE AS PART OF THAT/BRIGADE THE 4TH OHIO/INFANTRY AT THAT TIME/PARTICIPATED IN REPELLING/AN ATTACK OF THE ENEMY/CARROLL’S BRIGADE/COMPANIES A & B. FROM MT. VERNON./KNOX COUNTY./COMPANIES C & I FROM DELAWARE./DELAWARE COUNTY./COMPANIES D & G FROM KENTON./HARDIN COUNTY.
When was this photograph taken? June 14, 2012. The monument faces northwest. This photograph was taken of the front of the monument.
Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, Baltimore Street, East Cemetery Hill, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? Yes, located along the extended Culp’s Hill tour route.
Has this monument been moved or changed? In 1976, the soldier and shaft were removed because their weight was causing stress cracks to appear at the base. The shaft was leaning 7 degrees when it and the figure were dismantled. These elements have since been replaced and repaired. The fiasco with the 4th Ohio monument led to the banning of white bronze as a material for use in Gettysburg monuments. In fact, it took only four weeks for the GBMA to ban “white bronze” (they did it on the mere appearance of the 4th Ohio Monument). In 2004, the National Park Service used a steel plate to shore up the shaft of the monument and returned it to East Cemetery Hill. The $25,000 cost to restore the monument was paid by a Sons of Union Veteran group in Ohio.
Secondary Monuments and Markers
Photographed: September 21, 2009.
Location: Emmitsburg Road. Located on the east side of Emmitsburg Road, west of Ziegler’s Grove. Marked on map above with a RED pushpin.
Description: A zinc obelisk adorned on the front with reliefs depicting crossed rifles, a cartridge box, and a wreath encircling a trefoil. The monument is flanked by two small square monuments. The monument marks the position of two companies, G & I, commanded by Capt. Peter Grubb at 3:00 P.M. on July 2, 1863. Dedicated on Ohio Day, September 14, 1887. Monument is zinc bronze in a simulated granite style obelisk with a pyramid cap set on a 2.3 foot square three part stepped rough cut stone base. The shaft has zinced bronze with excised letters. Overall height is 6.6 feet. Flanking markers are 1.2 foot square zinc (white bronze) with excised detail.
Commander: Lt. Col. Leonard W. Carpenter (1834-1908). Carpenter was a medical student in Mount Vernon. He was buried in the Gettysburg National Cemetery.
Number Engaged: 229
Casualties: 9 killed, 17 wounded, 5 missing
Officers Killed at Gettysburg:
- 2nd Lieutenant Addison H. Edgar, Company G, aged 22, killed on July 2, D-16 of National Cemetery
- 2nd Lieutenant Samuel J. Shoub, Company I, aged 37, killed on July 2
Soldiers Buried in the Ohio Plot of the Gettysburg National Cemetery:
- Pvt. William Bain, Company G, D-15
- Pvt. David W. Collins, Company G, D-14
- Pvt. Asa O. Davis, Company G, E-13
- Cpl. John Debolt, Company B, E-5
- Pvt. James W. Harl, Company A, B-18
- Pvt. George H. Martin, Company G, B-21
- Pvt. Andrew Myers, Company G, D-17
- Pvt. Jacob Sheak, Company I, A-19
- Pvt. Henry C. Stark, Company I, B-17
After Action Report: After Action Report of Lieut. Col. Leonard W. Carpenter
Raised: Knox, Delaware, Hardin, Marion, Wayne, and Stark counties.
Notable Facts: The 4th Ohio is memorialized with monuments at Antietam and Gettysburg, as well as an inscription at the Soldiers’ and Sailors’ Monument in Cleveland’s Public Square. Its battleflags are in the collection of the Ohio Historical Society in Cleveland, and some artifacts and records in the Western Reserve Historical Society.
Regimental History ~ Dyer’s Compendium of the War of the Rebellion:
Organized at Camp Dennison, Ohio, June 4, 1861. Moved to Grafton, W. Va., June 20-23. Attached to McCook’s Advance Brigade, West Virginia, to July, 1861. 3rd Brigade, Army of Occupation, West Virginia, to November, 1861. Kelly’s Command, West Virginia, to January, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Landers’ Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 1st Brigade, Shields’ 2nd Division, Banks’ 5th Army Corps and Dept. of the Shenandoah, to May, 1862. Kimball’s Independent Brigade, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to July, 1862. Kimball’s Independent Brigade, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to September, 1862. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps, to March; 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps, to June, 1865.
SERVICE.–West Virginia Campaign July 6-17, 1861. Capture of Beverly July 12. Expedition to Huttonsville July 13-16. At Beverly until July 23; thence moved to New Creek. At Pendleton August 7 to October 25. Action at Petersburg September 7 and 12. Hanging Rock, Romney, September 23. Romney September 23-25. Mill Creek Mills, Romney, October 26. Duty at Romney until January, 1862. Expedition to Blue’s Gap January 6-7. Blue’s Gap January 7. Evacuation of Romney January 10. At Paw Paw Tunnel February 9 to March 7. Advance on Winchester March 7-15. Martinsburg March 9. Cedar Creek March 18. Strasburg March 19. Battle of Winchester March 23. Cedar Creek March 25. Woodstock April 1. Edenburg April 2. Mt. Jackson April 16. March to Fredericksburg May 12-21, and return to Front Royal May 25-30. Front Royal May 30. Battle of Port Republic June 9. Moved to Alexandria, thence to Harrison’s Landing June 29-30. Haxell’s, Herring Creek, July 3-4. At Harrison’s Landing until August 16. Movement to Fortress Monroe, thence to Centreville August 16-28. Cover Pope’s retreat from Bull Run to Fairfax Court House September 1. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battle of Antietam September 16-17. Moved to Harper’s Ferry, W. Va., September 22, and duty there until October 30. Reconnaissance to Leesburg October 1-2. March to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg. Va., December 12-15. At Falmouth, Va., until April 27, 1863. “Mud March” January 20-24. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va., July 5-24. On detached duty at New York City August 15 to September 16. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Auburn and Bristoe October 14. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Robertson’s Tavern or Locust Grove November 27. Mine Run November 28-30. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7, 1864. Morton’s Ford February 6-7. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3 to June 15. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Laurel Hill May 8; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Po River May 10; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21; “Bloody Angle” May 12; North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Old members mustered out June 21, 1864. Consolidated to a Battalion June 26, 1864. Jerusalem Plank Road, Weldon Railroad, June 22-23, 1864. Demonstration north of James River July 27-29. Deep Bottom July 27-28. Demonstration north of James River August 13-20. Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14-18. Ream’s Station August 25. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run, October 27-28. Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run, February 5-7, 1865. Watkins’ House March 25. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Boydton and White Oak Road March 29-31. Crow’s House March 31. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Sailor’s Creek April 6. High Bridge and Farmville April 7. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Washington, D.C., May 1-12. Grand Review May 23. Mustered out July 12, 1865. Regiment lost during service 8 Officers and 95 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 155 Enlisted men by disease. Total 261.
Ohio at Gettysburg
4th Infantry :: 5th Infantry :: 7th Infantry :: 8th Infantry :: 25th Infantry :: 29th Infantry :: 55th Infantry :: 61st Infantry :: 66th Infantry :: 73rd Infantry :: 75th Infantry :: 82nd Infantry :: 107th Infantry :: 1st Cavalry :: 6th Cavalry :: 1st Artillery H :: 1st Artillery I :: 1st Artillery K :: 1st Artillery L