The One Hundred Fifth Pennsylvania Infantry is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.
About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? Sept. 11, 1889.
What is it made out of? Granite; Relief plaques: bronze.
What size is it? Overall: approx. 15 ft. 4 in. x 6 ft. 6 in. x 6 ft. 6 in.
Who made it? H. Oursler & Sons, fabricator.
What does it depict? A granite shaft incised at the top with the Third Corps diamond symbol is adorned on the front with a bronze relief plaque depicting a Wild Cat and a bronze relief plaque depicting the state seal. Monument is a 3.3 foot square, rough hewn granite shaft with a cross gable top and set on a 6.6 foot square triple rough hewn base. The shaft has polished inscription panels around the shaft, and a bronze state seal and a bronze relief of a wild cat on the west face. Overall height is 15.4 feet. Flanking marker is one foot square with an apex top.
What does it honor? The location indicates the position held by the 105th prior to retiring on July 2, 1863.
How is it inscribed? IN RETIRING JOINED 20/DIVISION 3D CORPS ADVANC-/ING AND RECAPTURING WITH/THE AID OF OTHER TROOPS/3 GUNS OF BATTERY C 5TH/U.S. ARTILLERY
When was this photograph taken? June 6, 2011.
Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, Emmitsburg Road, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325. Located at the northeast corner of the intersection of Emmitsburg Road and United States Avenue.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? No.
Has this monument been moved or changed? This monument has not been moved or materially altered.
The 105th Pennsylvania Infantry was also known as Wildcat Regiment. During the battle of Gettysburg, it served as a member of Graham’s Brigade in Birney’s Division of the Third Corps, Army of the Potomac. A Fighting 300 Regiment.
Commander: Col. Calvin A. Craig (1833-1864). Born in Greenville where he was a merchant; wounded at Gettysburg and the Wilderness. Mortally wounded on August 16th at Deep Bottom. Was buried on a hill overlooking his boyhood home.
Number Engaged: 307
Casualties: 8 killed, 115 wounded, 9 missing
Officers Killed at Gettysburg:
- 2nd Lieutenant George W. Crossley, Company H, of Jefferson County, killed on July 2
- 2nd Lieutenant Isaac A. Dunsten, Company C, aged 23, mortally wounded on July 2
Soldiers Buried in the Pennsylvania Plot of the Gettysburg National Cemetery:
- Pvt. Andrew M. Campbell, Company E, B-16
- Sgt. Robert Doty, Company F, E-9
- Pvt. Jacob Fry, Company C, C-90
- Pvt. John W. Guthrie, Company B, B-50
- Pvt. Alonzo Hemstreat, Company F, F-69
- Pvt. Robert S. Michael, Company A, B-47
- Pvt. Jeremiah Rhodes, Company C, A-67
After Action Report: After Action Report of Col. Calvin A. Craig (will open a pop up window).
Raised: Jefferson, Allegheny, Westmoreland, and Indiana counties. The name “Wild Cat” comes from the fact that men from this area who struck out on their own in search of oil were termed “wildcatters.” (Jefferson County, from which the regiment primarily came from, also did have wildcats as it was a wilderness region.)
Regimental History ~ Dyer’s Compendium of the War of the Rebellion:
Organized at Pittsburg September 9, 1861, and ordered to Washington, D.C. Attached to Jameston’s Brigade, Heintzelman’s Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to August, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps, to March, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps, to July, 1865.
SERVICE.–Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D. C., until March, 1862. Moved to the Virginia Peninsula March 16-18. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Battle of Williamsburg May 5. Battle of Fair Oaks, Seven Pines, May 31-June 1. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Battles of Oak Grove June 25; Charles City Cross Roads and Glendale June 30; Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison’s Landing until August 16. Movement to Centreville August 16-26. Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia August 26-September 2. Bristoe Station or Kettle Run August 27. Buckland’s Bridge, Broad Run, August 27. Battles of Groveton August 29; Bull Run August 30; Chantilly September 1. Guard fords from Monocacy River to Conrad’s Ferry until October. March up the Potomac to Leesburg, thence to Falmouth, Va., October 11-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. Burnside’s 2nd Campaign, “Mud March,” January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth until April, Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee July 5-24. Wapping Heights July 23. Duty on line of the Rappahannock until October. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Auburn and Bristoe October 13-14. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Kelly’s Ford November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7, 1864. Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 12. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Laurel Hill May 8; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Po River May 10; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. Harris Farm, Fredericksburg Road, May 19. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23, 1864. Demonstration north of the James at Deep Bottom July 27-29. Deep Bottom July 27-28. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30 (Reserve). Demonstration on north side of James at Deep Bottom August 13-20. Strawberry Plains August 14-18. Poplar Springs Church September 29-October 2. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run, October 27-28. Warren’s expedition to Hicksford December 7-12. Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run, February 5-7, 1865. Watkins’ House, Petersburg, March 25. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Boydton Road March 30-31. Crow’s House March 31. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Sailor’s Creek April 6. High Bridge, Farmville, April 7. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. At Burkesville until May. March to Washington, D.C., May 2-12. Grand Review May 23. Duty at Alexandria until July. Mustered out July 11, 1885. Regiment lost during service 14 Officers and 231 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 139 Enlisted men by disease. Total 384.
Pennsylvania at Gettysburg
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