About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? Sept. 12, 1889.
What is it made out of? Sculpture: white granite with red granite insignia and bronze relief; Base: Gettysburg granite.
What size is it? Sculpture: approx. 12 ft. 1 in. x 5 ft. x 5 ft.; Base: approx. 14 in. x 6 ft. 6 in. x 6 ft. 6 in.
Who made it? Ryegate Granite Company, fabricator.
What does it depict? Monument consists of a rough-hewn trapezoidal course on a polished pedestal and two-tiered smooth and rough-hewn base. A square relief of the Pennsylvania State Seal is affixed to the front and a polished, four-sided Corps star insignia is on the top. Monument is a multi-part granite shaft topped with a egimental symbol and set on a 6.6 foot square rough cut base that has a smooth cut front with a bronze tablet. The shaft has polished incised inscriptions, bronze medallion, and excised regimental symbol. Overall height is 12.1 feet. Flanking markers are one foot square.
What does it honor? It indicates the position held by the 46th Pennsylvania Infantry on the morning of July 2, 1863 until the regiment left to support the Union left flank on July 3 until the close of the battle.
When was this photograph taken? October 1, 2006.
Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, South Slocum Avenue, northeast of Spangler Spring, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325. Located on the east side of Slocum Avenue, above Spangler’s Spring.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? Located on extended tour route that includes Culp’s Hill.
Has this monument been moved or changed? This monument has not been moved. The bronze plaque describing the events of July 3 & 4 was added in 1914.
Commander: Col. James L. Selfridge (1824-1887).
Number Engaged: 262
Casualties: 2 killed, 10 wounded, 1 missing
After Action Report: After Action Report of Col. James L. Selfridge (will open a pop up window).
Raised: Allegheny, Berks, Dauphin, Luzerene, Mifflin, Northampton, and Potter counties.
Notable Facts: The 46th Pennsylvania also has a monument on the Cedar Mountain Battlefield. Out of a total of 504 engaged, the regiment lost 31 killed, 102 wounded, and 111 taken prisoner or missing, a casualty rate of 48% at that battle.
Regimental History ~ Dyer’s Compendium of the War of the Rebellion:
Organized at Harrisburg October 31, 1861. Ordered to Join Banks November, 1861. Attached to Gordon’s Brigade, Banks’ Division, to March, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Banks’ 5th Corps, and Dept. of the Shenandoah to June, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to October, 1863, and Army of the Cumberland to April, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 20th Army Corps Army of the Cumberland, to July, 1865.
SERVICE.–Guard and outpost duty on the Upper Potomac until February, 1862. Advance on Winchester March 1-12, 1862. Near Winchester March 7. Occupation of Winchester March 12. Ordered to Manassas, Va., March 18, and return to Winchester. Pursuit of Jackson up the Valley March 24-April 7. Columbia Furnace April 16: Skirmish at Gordonsville and Keazletown Cross Roads April 26. Operations in the Shenandoah Valley May 15-June 17. At Strasburg until May 20. Retreat to Winchester May 20-25. Front Royal May 23. Kernstown and Middletown May 24. Battle of Winchester May 25. Retreat to Williamsport May 25-26. At Williamsport until June 10. Moved to Front Royal June 10-18. Reconnaissance to Luray June 29-30. Luray June 30. At Warrenton, Gordonsville and Culpeper, July. Battle of Cedar Mountain August 9. Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Guard trains during the Bull Run battles. Manassas Junction August 28. Maryland Campaign September 6-24. Battle of Antietam September 16-17 (Reserve). Duty in Maryland until December 10. March to Fairfax Station December 10-14, and duty there until January 19, 1863. “Mud March” January 20-24. Moved to Stafford Court House and duty there until April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee July 5-24. Duty on line of the Rappahannock until September. Movement to Bridgeport, Ala., September 24-October 3. Guard duty on Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad until April, 1864. Regiment reenlisted January, 1864. Atlanta Campaign May 1-September 8. Demonstration on Rocky Faced Ridge May 8-11. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Near Cassville May 19. New Hope Church May 25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Pine Hill June 11-14. Gilgal, or Golgotha Church, June 15. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Muddy Creek June 17. Noyes Creek June 19. Kolb’s Farm June 22. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Ruff’s Station or Smyrna Camp Ground July 4. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Peach Tree Creek July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Operations at Chattahoochie River Bridge August 26-September 2. Occupation of Atlanta September 2-November 15. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Thompson’s Creek, near Chesterfield Court House, S.C., March 2. Thompson’s Creek, near Cheraw, S.C., March 3. Averysboro, N. C., March 16. Battle of Bentonville March 19-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 9-13. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett’s House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 20. Grand Review May 24. Duty at Washington until July. Mustered out July 16, 1865. Regiment lost during service 14 Officers and 165 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 136 Enlisted men by disease. Total 317.
Pennsylvania at Gettysburg
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