About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? Installed ca. 1888. Dedicated Sept. 11, 1889.
What is it made out of? Sculpture: bronze; Base: granite with bronze relief.
What size is it? Sculpture: approx. 10 ft. 9 in. x 3 ft. 4 in. x 2 ft. 4 in.; Base: approx. W. 6 ft. 5 in.
Who made it? Stephens, sculptor. Ryegate Granite Company, fabricator.
What does it depict? Full-length uniformed infantryman stands atop a tapered pedestal and base. The figure is in a combat stance, holding his musket upright in both hands. A bronze relief of the State Seal is affixed to the front of the pedestal, directly below the figure. There is also a trefoil corps insignia on the right face of the pedestal. Monument is a 3.4×2.4 foot granite shaft topped with a bronze statue of an infantryman with a musket set on a 6.5 foot square hammered base. Overall height is 10.9 foot. The shaft has incised inscriptions and the state coat of arms on the south side. The flanking markers are flat topped one foot square with inscriptions of the faces
What does it honor? It indicates the position held by the 145th Pennsylvania Infantry when driving the Confederates of Kershaw’s Brigade from the edge of the wheat field. They were only able to hold the position for a short time before becoming outflanked and forced to retire.
How is it inscribed? JULY 2, IN THE EVENING ABOUT/3 O’CLOCK THE REGIMENT WITH/THE BRIGADE CHARGED FROM THE/NORTHERLY SIDE OF THE WHEAT/FIELD DRIVING THE ENEMY AND/CAPTURING MANY PRISONERS./THIS POSITION WAS HELD UNTIL/THE COMMAND WAS OUTFLANKED/WHEN IT RETIRED UNDER ORDERS./JULY 3, THE REGIMENT WAS/IN POSITION ON THE LEFT/CENTER WITH THE DIVISION CENTER/PRESENT AT GETTYSBURG/228 OFFICERS AND MEN/KILLED AND MORTALLY WOUNDED/3 OFFICERS 21 MEN/WOUNDED 6 OFFICERS 50 MEN/CAPTURED OR MISSING 10 MEN
When was this photograph taken? June 5, 2010.
Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, Northeast side of Brooke Avenue in Rose Woods, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? No.
Has this monument been moved or changed? This monument has not been changed or materially altered.
Commander: Col. Hiram L. Brown (1832-1880).
Number Engaged: 228
Casualties: 11 killed, 69 wounded, 10 missing
Officers Killed at Gettysburg:
- 2nd Lieutenant George H. Finch, Company E, mortally wounded on July 2, buried in National Cemetery at A-43
- Captain George V. Griswold, Company I, mortally wounded on July 2
- 1st Lieutenant Horatio V. Lewis, Company D, killed on July 2
Soldiers Buried in the Pennsylvania Plot of the Gettysburg National Cemetery:
- Pvt. Richard J. Akam, Company I, A-54
- Pvt. Erastus A. Allen, Company I, B-41
- Pvt. Ira Corbin, Company D, B-21
- Pvt. Isaac E. Dorman, Company A, A-44
- Pvt. Washington Lininger, Company B, A-41
- Pvt. William Simpson, Company D, D-15
- Pvt. Henry L. Talmage, Company I, B-22
- Cpl. J. Milton Taylor, Company B, B-23
- Pvt. Charles Triscut, Company E, D-17
After Action Report: After Action Report of Capt. John W. Reynolds (will open a pop up window).
Raised: Crawford, Erie, Mercer, and Warren counties.
Regimental History ~ Dyer’s Compendium of the War of the Rebellion:
Organized at Erie September 5, 1862. Moved to Chambersburg. Pa., September 11-12, thence to Hagerstown and Antietam, Md., September 15-17. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to October, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps, to April, 1863. 4th Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps, to May, 1865.
SERVICE.–Moved to Harper’s Ferry, W. Va., September 22, 1862, and duty there until October 29. Reconnaissance to Charlestown October 16-17. Advance up Loudoun Valley and movement to Falmouth, Va., October 29-November 17. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. Duty at Falmouth, Va., until April, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee July 5-24. Duty on line of the Rappahannock until September. Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan September 13-17. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Auburn and Bristoe October 14. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. At Stevensburg until May, 1864. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7. Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 12. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Corbin’s Bridge May 8; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Po River May 10; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23, 1864. Demonstration north of the James at Deep Bottom July 27-29. Deep Bottom July 27-28. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30 (Reserve). Demonstration on north side of the James at Deep Bottom August 13-20. Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14-18. Ream’s Station August 25. Reconnaissance to Hatcher’s Run December 7-10. Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run, February 5-7, 1865. Watkins’ House March 25. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Skirmishes on line of Hatcher’s and Gravelly Runs March 29-30. Hatcher’s Run or Boydton Road March 31. Crow’s House March 31. Sutherland Station April 2. Sailor’s Creek April 6. High Bridge, Farmville, April 7. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Washington, D.C., May 2-12. Grand Review May 23. Mustered out May 31, 1865. Regiment lost during service 18 Officers and 187 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 214 Enlisted men by disease. Total 422.
Pennsylvania at Gettysburg
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