About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? Oct. 8, 1885.
What is it made out of? Sculpture: granite; Base: granite.
What size is it? Sculpture: approx. H. 9 ft. 5 in.; Base: approx. H. 4 ft. 5 in. x W. 4 ft. 5 in.
Who made it? Smith Granite Company, fabricator.
What does it depict? The monument consists of a polished die with fluted pilasters at the corners, a Maltese Cross finial and an apex cap. The monument stands on a rough-hewn plinth and base. Monument is a three foot square granite shaft with fluted pilasters at the corners set on a 4.5 foot square rough hewn base. Overall height is 9.5 foot. The shaft has polished inscription panels and a stepped apex cap and Maltese Cross finial. Flanking markers have gable tops with inscriptions on the face, 1.6×8 foot.
What does it honor? The monument indicates the position held by the 22nd Massachusetts Infantry in brigade line formed by Col. William S. Tilton on July 2, 1863, just as the Confederates attacked from the Rose Farm Buildings.
When was this photograph taken? April 15, 2011.
Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, The Loop, south of Sickles Avenue, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? Yes.
Has this monument been moved or changed? This monument has not been moved or materially altered.
Commander: Lt. Col. Thomas Sherwin, Jr. (1839-1914)
Number Engaged: 348
Casualties: 3 killed, 27 wounded, 1 missing
Officers Killed at Gettysburg:
- 2nd Lieutenant Charles K. Knowles, Company D, of Haverhill, mortally wounded on July 2
Soldiers Buried in the Massachusetts Plot of the Gettysburg National Cemetery:
- Pvt. Calvin S. Field, Company B, D-16
- Pvt. George E. Lambert, Company F, D-15
- Pvt. John F. Moore, Company K, E-16
- Pvt. John Morrison, Company H, Unknown Grave #255
- Cpl. Issac B. Newcomb, Company C, E-13
Raised: Bristol, Essex, Middlesex, Norfolk, and Suffolk counties.
Notable Facts: Nicknamed “The Henry Wilson Regiment.” The 22nd Massachusetts was organized by Senator Henry Wilson; Wilson later served as Vice President under U.S. Grant.
Regimental History ~ Dyer’s Compendium of the War of the Rebellion:
Organized at Lynnfield September 4 to October 6, 1861. Moved to Washington, D.C., October 8-11. Attached to Martindale’s Brigade, Porter’s Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1862. 1st Brigade. 1st Division, 5th Army Corps, to March, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps, to October, 1864.
SERVICE.–Duty at Hall’s Hill, Va. Defenses of Washington until March, 1862. Advance on Manassas, Va., March 10-16. Moved to Alexandria, thence to Fortress Monroe, Va., March 16-23. Warwick Road April 5. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Hanover C. H. May 27. Operations about Hanover C. H. May 27-29. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Mechanicsville June 26. Gaines’ Mill June 27. White Oak Swamp and Turkey Bridge June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison’s Landing until August 15. Retreat from the Peninsula and movement to Centreville August 15-28. Battle of Bull Run August 30. Battle of Antietam, Md., September 16-17. Shepherdstown September 19. At Sharpsburg until October 30. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. Expedition to Richards’ and Ellis’ Fords December 29-30. “Mud March” January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth until April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 2-4. At Warrenton and Beverly Ford until September 17. At Culpeper until October 11. Bristoe Campaign October 11-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. At Beverly Ford until May, 1864. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7. Laurel Hill May 8. Spottsylvania May 8-12. Spottsylvania C. H. May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16 to August 8. Relieved August 8 and guard duty at City Point until October 5. Mustered out October 17. 1864. Regiment lost during service 9 Officers and 207 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 102 Enlisted men by disease. Total 319.
Massachusetts at Gettysburg
1st Infantry :: 1st Company Sharpshooters :: 2nd Infantry :: 2nd Company Sharpshooters :: 7th Infantry :: 9th Infantry :: 10th Infantry :: 11th Infantry :: 12th Infantry :: 13th Infantry :: 15th Infantry :: 16th Infantry :: 18th Infantry :: 19th Infantry :: 20th Infantry :: 22nd Infantry :: 28th Infantry :: 32nd Infantry :: 33rd Infantry :: 37th Infantry :: 1st Cavalry :: 1st Light A :: 3rd Light C :: 5th Light E :: 9th Light