About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? Sept. 11, 1889.
What is it made out of? Sculpture: Westerly blue granite with bronze elements; Base: granite.
What size is it? Sculpture: approx. 9 x 7 x 2 ft.; Base: approx. 4 ft. 2 in. x 9 ft. x 4 ft.
Who made it? Dalbeattie Granite Works, fabricator.
What does it depict? A mounted cavalryman in relief appears in the front recessed area of a commemorative marker. The marker is square with an apexed top and stands on a tiered, rough-hewn base. The marker is rough-hewn on the sides and smooth at the top and the back. The figure and horse are full-length, and the figure holds a sword upright in his proper right hand. A Pennsylvania State Seal in bronze is located below the relief. Monument is a two-part granite shaft with a gable peak and set on a 9.3×4.3 foot rough cut base. The lower part of the shaft is incised granite framing a bronze bas-relief plaque and the upper part is an excised bas-relief extending to the gable. Overall height is 9.6 feet. Flanking markers are one foot square.
What does it honor? It indicates the position held by the 4th Pennsylvania Cavalry on the evening of July 2, 1863, when in support of a nearby battery.
How is it inscribed? DETACHED ON THE MORNING OF JULY 2ND FROM THE BRIGADE AT THE/JUNCTION OF WHITE RUN AND BALTIMORE TURNPIKE, ORDERED TO/REPORT TO HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF THE POTOMAC,/SUPPORTED A BATTERY TEMPORARILY AT THIS POSITION,/ON PICKET AT NIGHT, RETURNING LATE ON THE AFTERNOON OF THE 3RD TO/SECOND CAVALRY DIVISION MUSTERED IN AUG. 15TH TO OCT. 30, 1861 RE-ENLISTED JAN. 1 1864/MUSTERED OUT JULY 1, 1865/RECRUITED IN NORTHAMPTON, ALLEGHENY WESTMORELAND AND INDIANA VENNAGO LEBANON AND LUZERNE COUNTIES/TOTAL ENROLLMENT 1930/KILLED AND DIED OF WOUNDS. OFFICERS 9 MEN 92 TOTAL 101/DIED OF DISEASE, ETC. OFFICERS 3 MEN 252 TOTAL 255/WOUNDED OFFICERS 21 MEN 248 TOTAL 269/CAPTURED OR MISSING OFFICERS 5 MEN 266 TOTAL 271/TOTAL CASUALTIES 896/FROM MECHANICSVILLE JUNE 26, 1862/TO/APPOMATTOX APRIL 9, 1865
When was this photograph taken? June 3, 2011.
Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, South Hancock Avenue, east side, south of Patterson Woods, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325. Located on the east side of Hancock Avenue, south of Humphreys Avenue.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? Yes.
Has this monument been moved or changed? This monument has not been moved or materially altered.
Commander: Lt. Col. William E. Doster (1837-1919)
Number Engaged: 307
Casualties: 1 killed
Soldiers Buried in the Pennsylvania Plot of the Gettysburg National Cemetery:
- Pvt. Robert Robison, Company L, E-42
After Action Report: After Action Report of Lieut. Col. William E. Doster (will open a pop up window).
Raised: At large.
Regimental History ~ Dyer’s Compendium of the War of the Rebellion:
Organized at Harrisburg, Philadelphia and Pittsburgh August to October, 1861. Ordered to Washington, D.C. Attached to Defense’s of Washington, D.C., until May, 1862. McCall’s Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to June, 1862. McCall’s Division, 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to July, 1862. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army Potomac, to September, 1862. 3rd Brigade, Pleasanton’s Cavalry Division, Army Potomac, to November, 1862. Averill’s Cavalry Brigade, Center Grand Division, Army Potomac, to February, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army Potomac, to June, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army Potomac, to August, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army Potomac, to July, 1865.
SERVICE.–Provost duty at Washington, D.C., until May 10, 1862. (Cos. “A,” “B” escort to Gen. Keys December 28, 1861, to February 25, 1862.) Joined McDowell at Fredericksburg May, 1862, and scouting on the Rappahannock until June 14. Moved to the Virginia Peninsula, arriving at White House June 24. Companies “A,” “G,” “H” and “K” ordered to Yorktown, Va., June 25. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Meadow Bridge near Mechanicsville June 26. Mechanicsville June 26. Gaines’ Mill, Cold Harbor, June 27. Reconnaissance to Bottom’s Bridge June 28. Rear guard to Army Potomac June 29. Glendale or Nelson’s Farm June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. Reconnaissance to Charles City C. H. July 2-3. At Harrison’s Landing until August 16. Reconnaissance from Harrison’s Landing July 11 and July 29 (Co. “F”). Rear Guard to Yorktown August 16-18. Duty at Yorktown until August 25. Reached Washington, D.C., September 4. Maryland Campaign September-October. Battles of South Mountain September 14, and Antietam September 16-17. Sharpsburg September 19. Shepherdstown Ford September 19. Kearneysville and Shepherdstown, W. Va., October 15-16 (Detachment). Scout to Smithfield October 16-17 (Detachment). Hedgesville October 20 and 22. Hillsboro and Lovettsville Road October 21. Bloomfield, Union and Upperville November 2-3. Ashby’s Gap November 3. Markham Station November 4. Manassas Gap November 5-6. Jefferson November 7. Little Washington November 8. Duty near Hartwood Church until December. Gaines’ Cross Roads November 10. Waterloo November 14. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. Scout to Catlett’s Station and Brentsville December 21-23 (Detachment). Expedition to Richard’s and Ellis’ Fords, Rappahannock River, December 29-30. “Mud March” January 20-24, 1863. Operations at Rappahannock Bridge and Grove Church February 5-7. Hartwood Church February 25. Kelly’s Ford March 17 and 29. Chancellorsville Campaign, Stoneman’s Raid, April 29-May 8. Passage of Kelly’s Ford April 29. Raccoon Ford April 30. Ely’s Ford May 2. Stevensburg, Brandy Station and Beverly Ford June 9. Aldie June 17. Middleburg June 18-19. Upperville June 21. Hanover, Pa., June 30. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Green Oak July 5. Near Harper’s Ferry July 14. Shepherdstown July 15-16. Scouting until September. Corbin’s Cross Roads September 1. Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan September 13-17. Culpeper C. H. September 13. Near Culpeper C. H. October 1. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. James City October 10-11. Near Warrenton October 11. Warrenton or White Sulphur Springs October 12-13. Jeffersontown October 12. Auburn and Bristoe Station October 14. St. Stephen’s Church October 14. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Brentsville November 26. New Hope Church and Catlett’s Station November 27. Brentsville November 29. (Cos. “A,” “F” at Bull Run Bridge November, 1863, to January 20, 1864.) Scout to Middleburg January 22-24, 1864 (Detachment). Kilpatrick’s Raid on Richmond February 28-May 4. Beaver Dam Station February 29. Brook’s Turnpike March 1 (Veterans on furlough March 25-April 25. At Camp Stoneman until May 12, and Joined Army Potomac May 19.) Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May-June, 1864. Sumner’s Bridge May 3. Todd’s Tavern May 5-8. Sheridan’s Raid to James River May 9-24. North Anna River May 9-10. Ground Squirrel Church and Yellow Tavern May 11. Glen Allen Station May 11. Brook Church or Richmond Fortifications May 12. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Haw’s Shop May 28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor May 31-June 1. Sumner’s Upper Bridge June 2. Sheridan’s Trevillian Raid June 7-24. Elliott’s Mills June 8. Trevillian Station June 11-12. White House or St. Peter’s Church June 21. Black Creek or Tunstall Station June 21. St. Mary’s Church June 24. Siege of Petersburg June, 1864, to April, 1865. Charles’ Cross Roads June 29. Warwick Swamp July 12. Demonstration on north side of the James July 27-29. Malvern Hill July 28. Warwick Swamp July 30. Demonstration north of the James at Deep Bottom August 13-20. Gravel Hill August 14. Strawberry Plains August 16-18. White Oak Swamp August 18. Weldon Railroad August 18-21 (Detachment). Dinwiddie Road near Ream’s Station August 23. Ream’s Station August 25. Reconnaissance to Poplar Springs Church September 13. Reconnaissance toward Dinwiddie C. H. September 15. Belcher’s Mills September 17. Ream’s Station September 29. Poplar Springs Church September 29-October 2. Arthur’s Swamp September 30-October 1. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run, October 27-28. Reconnaissance to Stony Creek November 7. Stony Creek Station December 1. Hicksford Expedition December 7-12. Bellefield December 8. High Hill December 10. Rowanty Creek February 5, 1865. Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run, February 5-7. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Lewis Farm near Gravelly Run March 29 (Co. “C”). Dinwiddie C. H. March 30-31. White Oak Road March 31 (Co. “C”). Five Forks April 1. Paine’s Cross Roads and Amelia Springs April 5. Sailor’s Creek April 6. Farmville April 7. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Expedition to Danville April 23-29. Expedition after Extra Billy Smith May 20-22. At Lynchburg until June 10. Mustered out July 1, 1865. Regiment lost during service 9 Officers and 89 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 257 Enlisted men by disease. Total 358.
Pennsylvania at Gettysburg
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