About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? July 2, 1888.
What is it made out of? Monument: granite with bronze adornment; Base: granite.
What size is it? Overall: approx. 7 ft. 1 in. x 4 ft. x 7 ft. 2 in.
Who made it? Barr, R. D., sculptor. Smith Granite Company, fabricator.
What does it depict? Monument comprised of a granite soldier “hidden” behind rock, with the rifle in hand at his side. The soldier is dressed in uniform. The boulder against which he is propped is decorated with a bronze tondo New York state shield with a blind-folded figure of Justice with scales in one hand and sword in other upraised hand; and a female figure holding what appears to be a torch. Above the shield is an eagle. Interestingly, this monument is the only one on the battlefield built with the appropriations of two states; the monument was paid for by the $1500.00 granted by New York and the $500.00 granted by Massachusetts — reflecting the regiment’s multi-state origins. Overall height is 6.10 foot. The shaft has a bronze state seal on the north and bronze inscription tablets on the south and west. Flanking markers are one foot square.
What does it honor? The monument marks the position of the 40th New York Infantry on July 2, 1863.
How is it inscribed? 40/N.Y. INFTY./MOZART REGIMENT/3RD BRIG. 1ST DIV. 3RD CORPS/JULY 2, 1863, 4:30 PM/CASUALTIES/KILLED 23/WOUNDED 120/MISSING/7
When was this photograph taken? June 4, 2011.
Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, Plum Run Valley, west of Little Round Top, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325. Located in the Valley of Death west of Little Round Top and east of Houck’s Ridge, north of Warren Avenue.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? No.
Has this monument been moved or changed? Along with a number of other Gettysburg monuments, this piece was vandalized on March 4, 1913.
Secondary Monuments and Markers
Photographed: September 21, 2009.
Location: Valley of Death, near main monument.
Description: Boulder is inscribed with a “40″ and a diamond. It may predate the regimental monument.
The 40th New York Infantry was also known as The Mozart Regiment. During the battle of Gettysburg, it served as a member of De Trobriand’s Brigade in Birney’s Division of the Third Corps, Army of the Potomac.
Commander: Col. Thomas W. Egan (1834-1887). Clerk from New York City; wounded slightly at Gettysburg and at Petersburg. Post-war Custom House worker in New York City.
Number Engaged: 606
Casualties: 23 killed, 120 wounded, 7 missing
Officers Killed at Gettysburg:
- 1st Lieutenant William H. Johnson, Acting Adjutant, Company G, of Yonkers, killed on July 2.
Soldiers Buried in the New York Plot of the Gettysburg National Cemetery:
- Sgt. Benjamin F. Atkins, Company F, B-58
- Sgt. George Becker, Company A, G-87
- Pvt. Simon Freer, Company F, B-60
- Sgt. Walter Gladnow, Company K, C-49
- Pvt. Harris Henschel, Company E, B-19
- Pvt. Timothy F. Horrigan, Company F, B-56
- Pvt. Timothy Kelly, Company D, B-57
- Pvt. Andrew Krappman, Company A, A-79
- Pvt. Daniel O’Harra, Company G, A-89
- Pvt. Enos A. Potter, Company I, A-78 (Disease)
- Sgt. Jeremiah D. Slattery, Company C, A-77
- Cpl. Frank Stahle, Company A, B-61
- Pvt. Samuel Stells, Company F, A-105
- Pvt. Francis Sweeney, Company D, E-64
After Action Report: After Action Report of Col. Thomas W. Egan (will open a pop up window).
Raised: New York City and Onondaga County, also Massachusetts and Philadelphia.
Regimental History ~ Dyer’s Compendium of the War of the Rebellion:
Organized at Yonkers, N.Y., June 27, 1861. Left State for Washington, D.C., July 4, 1861. Duty near Alexandria until August 4. Attached to Howard’s Brigade, Division of the Potomac, to October, 1861. Sedgwick’s Brigade, Heintzelman’s Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to July, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps, to May, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps, to March, 1864. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps, to June, 1865.
SERVICE.–Duty in the Defenses of Washington, and on the Upper Potomac, until March, 1862. Operations on the Potomac October 21-24, 1861. Action at Ball’s Bluff October 21. Advance on Manassas, Va., March 10-15, 1862. Ordered to the Peninsula, Va., March 17. Siege of Yorktown, Va., April 5-May 4. Battle of Williamsburg May 5. Battle of Seven Pines or Fair Oaks May 31-June 1. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Battles of Oak Grove near Seven Pines June 25; Jordan’s Ford June 29; Savage Station June 29; White Oak Swamp and Glendale June 30; Malvern Hill July 1; Turkey Bend July 3. At Harrison’s Landing until August 16. Movement to Fortress Monroe, thence to Centreville August 16-26. Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia August 26-September 2. Battles of Groveton August 29; Bull Run August 30; Chantilly September 1. Picket duty at Conrad’s Ferry until October. Movement up the Potomac to Leesburg, thence to Falmouth, Va., October 11-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. “Mud March” January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth until April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-4. Pursuit of Lee July 5-24. Wapping Heights, Va., July 23. Duty on line of the Rappahannock until October. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Auburn and Bristoe October 13-14. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Kelly’s Ford November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Payne’s Farm November 27. Mine Run November 28-30. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6, 1864. Near Brandy Station until May. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James River May 3-June 15. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Laurel Hill May 8; Po River May 10; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient or “Bloody Angle” May 12. Harris Farm or Fredericksburg Road May 19. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Jerusalem Plank Road June 21-23, 1864. Demonstration north of the James July 27-29. Deep Bottom July 27-28. Demonstration north of the James August 13-20. Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14-18. Poplar Springs Church September 29-October 2. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run, October 27-28. Raid on Weldon Railroad December 7-12. Dabney’s Mill, Hatcher’s Run, February 5-7, 1865. Watkins’ House March 25. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. White Oak Road March 29-30. Crow’s House March 31. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Sailor’s Creek April 6. High Bridge and Farmville April 7. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. At Burkesville until May 2. March to Washington, D.C., May 2-15. Grand Review May 23. Mustered out June 27, 1865. Regiment lost during service 10 Officers and 228 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 170 Enlisted men by disease. Total 410.
New York at Gettysburg
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