About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? July 1, 1893.
What is it made out of? Sculpture: Oak Hill white granite with bronze reliefs; Sphere: polished Thousand Islands red granite; Base: granite.
What size is it? Sculpture: approx. H. 12 ft.; Base: approx. W. 6 ft. 6 in. x D. 6 ft. 6 in.
Who made it? Frederick & Field, fabricator.
What does it depict? Monument consists of a tiered base, rectangular pedestal, and a finial comprised of a knapsack and a sphere. A state seal relief is affixed to the upper front portion of the piece and there are corps disk insignias on the lower front and upper side faces. Overall height is twelve foot. Raised letters are on the east face and bronze tablets on the north and south sides.
What does it honor? Monument indicates the position where the 95th New York Infantry assisted in the repulse of Davis’ Confederate Brigade on the morning of July 1, 1863.
How is it inscribed? 95TH/NEW YORK/INFANTRY./2ND BRIGADE/1ST DIVISION/1ST CORPS
When was this photograph taken? April 14, 2011.
Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, East side of Reynolds Avenue at the Railroad Cut, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325. Monument and flanking markers are located on the east side of north Reynolds Avenue at the Western Maryland Railroad Cut.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? Yes.
Has this monument been moved or changed? It was moved in 1960 when the new bridge over the cut was built.
Secondary Monuments and Markers
Photographed: May 2, 2010.
Location: Railroad Woods. This monument is denoted on the map above by a RED pushpin.
Description: Rough granite marker with a polished slant face and inscription. Small stone position marker denotes the location of the 95th New York on the morning of July 1, 1863 at approximately 10 AM.
Photographed: March 26, 2010.
Location: Wadsworth Avenue, Oak Ridge. This monument is denoted on the map above by a BLUE pushpin.
Description: Rough granite marker with a polished slant face and inscription. Small stone position marker denotes the location of the 95th New York Infantry at noon on July 1, 1863.
Photographed: March 26, 2010.
Location: Chambersburg Pike, at intersection with Confederate Avenue. This monument is denoted on the map above by a PINK pushpin.
Description: Rough granite marker with a polished slant face and inscription. Small stone position marker denotes the location of the 95th New York Infantry at 4 PM on July 1, 1863.
Photographed: April 15, 2011.
Location: Culp’s Hill summit. This monument is denoted on the map above by a YELLOW pushpin.
Description: Rough granite marker with a polished slant face and inscription. Small stone position marker denotes the location of the 95th New York Infantry on July 2 and 3.
Commander: Col. George H. Biddle (1802-1884). Mexican War veteran and clerk from New York City. Wounded on July 1. Major Edward Pye (1823-1864) took command from Biddle. Pye was a lawyer from Haverstraw. He was mortally wounded at Cold Harbor on June 2 and died ten days later.
Number Engaged: 261
Casualties: 7 killed, 62 wounded, 46 missing
Soldiers Buried in the New York Plot of the Gettysburg National Cemetery:
- Sgt. Frederick Jell, Company I, E-36
- Pvt. Elihu Jones, Company F, G-95
- Pvt. John H. Phillips, Company F, C-37
After Action Report: After Action Report of Maj. Edward Pye (will open a pop up window).
Raised: New York City and the counties of Rockland, Schoharie, and Westchester.
Regimental History ~ Dyer’s Compendium of the War of the Rebellion:
Organized at New York City November, 1861, to March, 1862. Left State for Washington, D.C., March 18, 1862. Attached to Wadsworth’s Command, Military District of Washington, D.C., to May, 1862. Doubleday’s Brigade, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to June, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Corps, Pope’s Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 5th Army Corps, to August, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, to September, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, to July, 1865.
SERVICE.–Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D, C., until May, 1862, and at Aquia Creek, Va., until June. Duty at and near Fredericksburg until August. Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Fords of the Rappahannock August 21-23. Sulphur Springs August 26. Battles of Gainesville August 28; Groveton August 29; Bull Run August 30. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battles of South Mountain September 14; Antietam September 16-17. Duty at Sharpsburg, Md., until October 30. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 19. Union November 2-3. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. At Falmouth and Belle Plains until April 27, 1863. “Mud March” January 20-24. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Operations at Fitzhugh’s Crossing April 29-May 2. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va., July 5-24. Duty on line of the Rappahannock and Rapidan to October. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7, 1864. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 15. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Laurel Hill May 8; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Jericho Ford May 23. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30, 1864 (Reserve). Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Poplar Springs Church September 29-October 2. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run, October 27-28. Warren’s Raid on Weldon Railroad December 7-12. Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run, February 5-7, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Lewis Farm, near Gravelly Run, March 29. White Oak Road March 31. Five Forks April 1. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Moved to Washington, D.C., May 1-12. Grand Review May 23. Duty at Washington until July. Mustered out July 16, 1865. Regiment lost during service 5 Officers and 114 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 136 Enlisted men by disease. Total 256.
New York at Gettysburg
New York Infantry 10th Infantry :: 12th Infantry :: 33rd Infantry :: 39th Infantry :: 40th Infantry :: 41st Infantry :: 42nd Infantry :: 43rd Infantry :: 44th Infantry :: 45th Infantry :: 49th Infantry :: 52nd Infantry :: 54th Infantry :: 57th Infantry :: 58th Infantry :: 59th Infantry :: 60th Infantry :: 61st Infantry :: 62nd Infantry :: 63rd Infantry :: 64th Infantry :: 65th Infantry :: 66th Infantry :: 67th Infantry :: 68th Infantry :: 69th Infantry :: 70th Infantry :: 71st Infantry :: 72nd Infantry :: 73rd Infantry :: 74th Infantry :: 76th Infantry :: 77th Infantry :: 78th Infantry :: 80th Infantry :: 82nd Infantry :: 83rd Infantry :: 84th Infantry :: 86th Infantry :: 88th Infantry :: 94th Infantry :: 95th Infantry :: 97th Infantry :: 102nd Infantry :: 104th Infantry :: 107th Infantry :: 108th Infantry :: 111th Infantry :: 119th Infantry :: 120th Infantry :: 121st Infantry :: 122nd Infantry :: 123rd Infantry :: 124th Infantry :: 125th Infantry :: 126th Infantry :: 134th Infantry :: 136th Infantry :: 137th Infantry :: 140th Infantry :: 145th Infantry :: 146th Infantry :: 147th Infantry :: 149th Infantry :: 150th Infantry :: 154th Infantry :: 157th Infantry :: New York Cavalry :: 2nd Regiment :: 4th Regiment :: 5th Regiment :: 6th Regiment :: 8th Regiment :: 9th Regiment :: 10th Regiment :: Oneida Company :: New York Artillery :: 1st Artillery B (14th attached) :: 1st Artillery C :: 1st Artillery D :: 1st Artillery G :: 1st Artillery I :: 1st Artillery K (11th attached) :: 1st Artillery E&L :: 1st Artillery M :: 1st Independent :: 3rd Independent :: 4th Independent :: 5th Independent :: 6th Independent :: 10th Independent :: 13th Independent :: 15th Independent