About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? Cast 1889. Dedicated Sept. 1890.
What is it made out of? Bronze.
What size is it? Overall: approx. H. 13 ft. 11 in.; Base: W. 4 ft. x D. 4 ft.
Who made it? Unknown, sculptor. Gorham Manufacturing Company, founder.
What does it depict? One of two Pennsylvania regimentals cast entirely of bronze (the other belongs to the 56th Pennsylvania). The monument cost $3,000.00. Atop a tall bronze base stands a bronze figure of a Civil War soldier walking with his rifle held in his proper right hand. Inscriptions in raised letters appear on panels around the sides of the bronze base. At the foot of the bronze base is a large stone boulder. Flanking markers are granite, flat topped, one foot square with inscription on the north faces.
What does it honor? It is located near the base of Big Round Top in the position taken by the 10th Pennsylvania Reserve at five o’clock on July 2, 1863.
When was this photograph taken? April 15, 2011.
Where is it located? Located at Gettysburg National Military Park, Intersection of Warren and Sykes Avenues, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325. Located on the west side of Sykes Avenue near the base of Big Round Top.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? Yes.
Has this monument been moved or changed? This monument has not been moved or materially altered.
The 10th Pennsylvania Reserves was also known as 39th Infantry. During the battle of Gettysburg, it served as a member of Fisher’s Brigade in Crawford’s Division of the Fifth Corps, Army of the Potomac. A Fighting 300 Regiment.
Commander: Col. Adroniram J. Warner (1834-1910). Head of the Union School in Mercer. Wounded at Antietam. Post-war two term Congressman from Marietta, Ohio.
Number Engaged: 420
Casualties: 2 killed, 3 wounded
Soldiers Buried in the Pennsylvania Plot of the Gettysburg National Cemetery:
- Pvt. Isaac Eaton, Company B, C-74
- Pvt. Alonzo McCall, Company B, B-82
Raised: Beaver, Crawford, Clarion, Mercer, Washington, Warren, and Venango counties.
Regimental History ~ Dyer’s Compendium of the War of the Rebellion:
Organized at Camp Wilkins, near Pittsburg, June and July, 1861. Ordered to Harrisburg, Pa., July 18, and mustered in July 21, 1861. Moved to Baltimore, Md., July 22; thence to Washington, D.C., July 24. Attached to 3rd Brigade, McCall’s Pennsylvania Reserves Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to April, 1862. 3rd Brigade, McCall’s Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to June, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to August, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 3rd Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to February, 1863. 3rd Brigade, Pennsylvania Reserves Division, 22nd Corps, Dept. of Washington, to June, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1864.
SERVICE.–At Tennallytown, Md., August 1 to October 10, 1861, and at Camp Pierpont, near Langley, Va., until March, 1862. Expedition to Gunnell’s Mills December 6, 1861. Action at Dranesville December 20. Advance on Manassas, Va., March 10-15, 1862. McDowell’s advance on Falmouth April 9-19. Duty at Fredericksburg until June. Moved to White House June 9-12. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Battles of Mechanicsville June 26; Gaines Mill June 27; Charles City Cross Roads and Glendale June 30; Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison’s Landing until August 16. Movement to join Pope August 16-26. Battles of Gainesville August 28; Groveton August 29; Bull Run August 30. Maryland Campaign September 6-24. Battles of South Mountain, Md., September 14; Antietam September 16-17. Duty in Maryland until October 30. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. “Mud March” January 20-24, 1863. Ordered to Washington, D.C., February 6, and duty there and at Alexandria until June 25. Ordered to Join Army of the Potomac in the field. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee July 5-24. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Bristoe Station April 15, 1864 (Detachment). Rapidan Campaign May 4-31. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Laurel Hill May 8; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. Harris Farm May 19. North Anna River May 23-26. Jericho Ford May 25. On line of the Totopotomoy May 28-31. Left front May 31. Mustered out June 11, 1864. Regiment lost during service 7 Officers and 153 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 47 Enlisted men by disease. Total 207.
Pennsylvania at Gettysburg
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