About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? Installed Nov. 1888. Dedicated Sept. 11, 1889.
What is it made out of? Sculpture: granite; Base: granite with bronze relief.
What size is it? Sculpture: approx. 44 x 38 x 30 in.; Base: approx. 29 x 55 x 55 in.
Who made it? H. Oursler & Sons, fabricator.
What does it depict? Full-length figure of a uniformed Union soldier is seated on a tree stump. The figure has a moustache and holds his rifle by the barrel in his proper left hand. The butt of the rifle rests on the ground in front of him. Uniform items and accouterments include a bucktailed-kepi, canteen and cap and cartridge boxes. A square relief of a State Seal is affixed to the back of the tree stump. Monument consists of Barre granite with elements of bronze (including the rifle, bucktail, and bayonet scabbard). Flanking markers are 1×1 foot with an apex top.
What does it honor? It indicates the position held by the 149th Pennsylvania Infantry from 11:30 A.M. on July 1, 1863 until retiring to the Seminary and then to Cemetery Hill in the afternoon.
How is it inscribed? CARRIED INTO ACTION 450./KILLED AND MORTALLY WOUNDED 66, WOUNDED 159./CAPTURED OR MISSING 111 TOTAL 336./MUSTERED IN AUG. 30TH 1862./MUSTERED OUT JUNE 24TH 1865. (Incised on back:) JULY 2D MOVED TO SUPPORT OF THE LEFT AND REMAINED ON PICKET ALL NIGHT. IN THE MORNING OF 3D MOVED TO/LEFT CENTRE WHERE ITS OTHER MONUMENT STANDS.
When was this photograph taken? June 17, 2012.
Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, Chambersburg Pike, south side, at McPherson’s Barn, east of Stone Avenue, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325. Monument and flanking markers are located on the south side of Chambersburg Pike at McPherson Barn.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? No.
Has this monument been moved or changed? The bronze pieces were placed because the survivors of the regiment thought those elements were poorly carved on the original statue.
Secondary Monuments and Markers
Photographed: September 18, 2009.
Location: Hancock Avenue, Cemetery Ridge. Located on the east side of Hancock Avenue. This monument is denoted on the map above by a RED pushpin.
Description: Smith Granite Company, fabricator. Dedicated Oct. 20, 1886. Rectangular, horizontal monument contains a relief of a uniformed Union solider lying behind and among a broken fence and rocks. He is aiming his rifle with proper right hand on the trigger. The I Corps emblem is carved into the ends of the die. The sculpture indicates the position held by the 149th Pennsylvania Infantry on July 3, 1863 when supporting Stannard’s Brigade. Monument is a two-part granite shaft with a smooth finished taper that is topped with a gable peak that has a bas-relief of a soldier with a gun set inside a rough cut exterior and set on a 7×3.2 foot base. The taper of the shaft has an incised inscription. Designed by A. Pinardi.
Monument was moved to this location in 1889 from original location on Reynolds Avenue.
Photographed: March 21, 2008.
Location: Schultz Farm near intersection of West Confederate Avenue and the Fairfield Road. This marker is denoted on the map above by a BLUE pushpin.
Description: Honors Company D which served as the headquarters guard. It was erected in 1886.
Erected and presented to the company by George W. Baldwin in memory of his brother Joseph H. Baldwin who was killed here July 1, 1863, and Alex M. Stuart mortally wounded dying in Gettysburg, July 6, 1863.
Co. D – 149th Regiment Pa. Vol’s held this ground for 20 minutes on the evening of July 1st 1863 against the right of Scales’ Brigade by order of Maj. Gen. Abner Doubleday commanding 1st Army Corps.
Commander: Col. Walton Dwight (1837-1878). Lumber business in Coudersport. Wounded on July 1. Post-war mayor of Binghamton, New York post-war.
Number Engaged: 450
Casualties: 53 killed, 172 wounded, 111 missing
Officers Killed at Gettysburg:
- Captain Alfred J. Sofield, Company A, killed on July 1, buried in National Cemetery at B-1
Soldiers Buried in the Pennsylvania Plot of the Gettysburg National Cemetery:
- Pvt. Daniel F. Goss, Company F, B-10
- Pvt. William H. Harmony, Company I, A-17
- Pvt. David C. Kline, Company H, B-15
- Cpl. James C. Logan, Company G, A-19
- Pvt. Weston D. Millard, Company F, F-77
- Pvt. Calvin Potter, Company H, D-3
- Cpl. Nathan H. Wilcox, Company A, A-12
After Action Report: After Action Report of Lieut. Col. Walton Dwight (will open a pop up window).
Raised: Clearfield, Huntingdon, Lebanon, Mifflin, Potter, and Tioga counties.
Regimental History ~ Dyer’s Compendium of the War of the Rebellion:
Organized at Harrisburg August, 1862. Ordered to Washington, D. C., September, 1862. Attached to Defenses of Washington, D.C., to February, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to December, 1863. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, to March, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 4th Division, 5th Army Corps, to June, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps, to September, 1864. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, to June, 1865.
SERVICE.–Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D. C., until February, 1863. Ordered to join 1st Army Corps at Belle Plains, Va., and duty there until April 27, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Operations about Pollock’s Mill Creek April 29-May 2. Battle of Chancellorsville May 2-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee July 5-24. At Bealeton Station until October. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Haymarket October 19. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7, 1864. Duty near Culpeper until May. Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 12. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Laurel Hill May 8; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Jericho Ford May 25. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30, 1864 (Reserve). Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Poplar Springs Church September 29-October 2. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run, October 27-28. Warren’s Raid on Weldon Railroad December 7-12. Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run, February 5-7, 1865. Ordered to Baltimore, Md., February 10; thence to Draft Rendezvous, Elmira, N.Y., and duty there until June. Mustered out June 24, 1865. Regiment lost during service 4 Officers and 160 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 172 Enlisted men by disease. Total 336.
Pennsylvania at Gettysburg
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