About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? July 4, 1893.
What is it made out of? Sculpture: Westerly granite with bronze relief; Base: granite.
What size is it? Sculpture: approx. H. 14 ft. 8 in.; Base: approx. W. 6 ft. 3 in. x D. 6 ft. 3 in.
Who made it? Smith Granite Company, fabricator.
What does it depict? Granite obelisk with a bronze New York State Seal on the front and text inscription. A crescent insignia is incised into the front and rear of the obelisk. There are high reliefs of upward-facing cannon barrels on the sides of the obelisk. The obelisk stands on a tiered base. Base is smooth stone on a 6.3 foot square base. Overall height is 14.8 foot. Flanking markers are one foot square with pyramidal caps.
What does it honor? The monument marks the position held by Wheeler’s 13th New York Independent Battery on July 1, 1863.
How is it inscribed? 13TH NEW YORK/INDPT. LIGHT BATTERY/(WHEELER’S)/ARTILLERY BRIGADE/11TH CORPS/JULY 1, 1863, ENGAGED HERE JULY 2, ON CEMETERY HILL/JULY 3, AT REPULSE OF PICKETT’S CHARGE
When was this photograph taken? September 18, 2009.
Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, West Howard Avenue, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? Located on the extended tour route that includes Barlow’s Knoll.
Has this monument been moved or changed? This monument has not been changed or materially altered.
The 13th New York Independent Battery of Artillery was also known as Baker’s Brigade Artillery. During the battle of Gettysburg, it served as a member of Osborn’s Brigade in the Eleventh Corps, Army of the Potomac.
Commander: Lt. William Wheeler (1836-1864). Graduate of Yale and lawyer in New York City. Killed in action at Marietta, Georgia.
Number Engaged: 4 Ordnance rifles, 118 men
Casualties: 8 wounded, 3 missing
After Action Report: After Action Report of Lieut. William Wheeler (will open a pop up window).
Raised: New York City as part of the famous Philadelphia Brigade
Regimental History ~ Dyer’s Compendium of the War of the Rebellion:
Organized at New York City and mustered in October 15, 1861. Left State for Washington, D.C., October 17. Attached to Baker’s Brigade, Stone’s Division, Army of the Potomac, to December, 1861. Blenker’s Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Blenker’s 2nd Division 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to April, 1862. Blenker’s Division, Dept. of the Mountains, to June, 1862. Reserve Artillery, 1st Corps, Pope’s Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 11th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1863. Artillery Brigade, 11th Army Corps, to October, 1863. Artillery Brigade, 11th Army Corps, Dept. of the Cumberland, to January, 1864. Artillery, 3rd Division, 11th Army Corps, to April, 1864. Artillery, 2nd Division, 20th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to September. 1864. Unattached Artillery, Post of Murfreesboro, Tenn., Dept. of the Cumberland, to December, 1864. Defenses Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad, Dept. of the Cumberland, to March, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 1st Sub-District, Middle Tennessee, Dept. of the Cumberland, to July, 1865.
SERVICE.–Duty on the Upper Potomac to December, 1861, and in the Defenses of Washington, D.C., until April, 1862. Operations in the Shenandoah Valley until July. Reconnaissance to Rappahannock River and action at Rappahannock Crossing April 18. Battle of Cross Keys June 8. Occupation of Luray July 22. Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Fords of the Rappahannock August 21-23. Battles of Groveton August 29; Bull Run August 30. Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D, C., until December. March to Fredericksburg, Va., December 10-16. “Mud March” January 20-24, 1863. At Brook’s Station until April. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee July 5-24. Near Bristoe Station until September. Movement to Bridgeport, Ala., September 24-October 4. Reopening Tennessee River October 26-29. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Orchard Knob November 23-24. Mission Ridge November 24-25. March to relief of Knoxville November 28-December 8. Duty in Lookout Valley until April, 1864. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1-September 8. Demonstration on Rocky Faced Ridge, Tunnel Hill and Buzzard’s Roost Gap May 8-11. Dug Gap or Mill Creek May 8. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Near Cassville May 19. New Hope Church May 25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 26-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Pine Hill June 11-14. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Gilgal or Golgotha Church June 15. Muddy Creek June 17. Noyes Creek June 19. Kolb’s Farm June 22. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Ruff’s Station, Smyrna Camp Ground, July 4. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Peach Tree Creek July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Operations at Chattahoochie River Bridge August 26-September 2. Occupation of Atlanta September 2. Ordered to Murfreesboro, Tenn., and duty in that District until July, 1865. Overall’s Creek December 4, 1864. Hood’s attack on Murfreesboro December 5-12, 1864. Wilkinson’s Pike, Murfreesboro, December 7. Mustered out July 28, 1865. Battery lost during service 1 Officer and 11 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 16 Enlisted men by disease. Total 28.
New York at Gettysburg
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