About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? Erected between 1907 and 1908.
What is it made out of? Foundation: Concrete. Monument: Polished red Jonesboro Granite. Plaque: Bronze.
What size is it? 24 by 50 inches and 7 feet high.
Who made it? Van Armitage Granite Company
What does it depict? One of 45 monuments erected to units of the United States regular army on the battlefield. A red polished Jonesboro granite monolith that is set upon a concrete foundation with a descriptive 3’6′x3’7′ bronze tablet with the coat of arms of the United States in bronze.
What does it honor? Locates positions occupied by Regular 4th Artillery Battery E during Battle of Gettysburg, July 3, 1863.
How is it inscribed? This monument reads,
ARMY OF THE POTOMAC
FIRST BRIGADE HORSE ARTILLERY
BATTERY E FOURTH U. S. ARTILLERY
Four 3 Inch Rifles
Lieut. Samuel S. Elder Commanding
July 3. Arrived on the field and took position on a hill southwest of Round Top and engaged under Brig. General E. J. Fransworth in the afternoon against the Confederate right.
Casualties Killed 1 Man
When was this photograph taken? December 8, 2011.
Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325. Located in woods South of South Confederate Avenue at Bushman Hill, from whence its guns fired on South Cavalry Field.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? No.
Has this monument been moved or changed? This monument has not been moved or materially altered.
The 4th United States Artillery, Battery E was also known as Clark’s Battery. During the battle of Gettysburg, it served as a member of Robertson’s Brigade in the Pleasanton’s Corps, Army of the Potomac.
Commander: Lt. Samuel S. Elder (1830-1885). Teacher in Harrisburg. Stayed in post-war army, dying at rank of major.
Number Engaged: 4 Ordnance Rifles, 64 men
Casualties: 1 killed
Raised: The original unit was recruited in 1821; the men mainly came from New York City and St. Louis, Missouri. When Fort Sumter was fired upon, this battery was located at Fort Randall in the Nebraska Territory.
Regimental History ~ Dyer’s Compendium of the War of the Rebellion:
Organized at Camp Monroe, Ohio, and Joined Rosecrans in West Virginia. Attached to 2nd Brigade, Army of Occupation, West Virginia, to September, 1861. Scammon’s Brigade, Dept. of West Virginia, to October, 1861. Kelly’s Command, Railroad District, West Virginia, to January, 1862. Artillery, Lander’s Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Artillery, Shields’ 2nd Division, Banks’ 5th Army Corps, to April, 1862. Artillery, Shields’ Division, Dept. of the Shenandoah, to May, 1862, and Dept. of the Rappahannock to June, 1862. Unattached Artillery, 3rd Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. Artillery, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to February, 1863. Reserve Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1863. 1st Brigade, Horse Artillery, Army of the Potomac, to August, 1864. Artillery, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps (Horse Artillery Reserve), Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to March, 1865. Horse Artillery Reserve, attached to 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Shenandoah and Army of the Potomac, to May, 1865. Horse Artillery Brigade, 22nd Army Corps, to August, 1865.
SERVICE.–Duty in West Virginia until March, 1862. Advance on Winchester, Va., March 7-12. Battle of Winchester March 23. Occupation of Mt. Jackson April 17. March to Fredericksburg May 10-21, and return to Front Royal May 25-30. Battle of Port Republic June 8-9. Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Fords of the Rappahannock August 20-23. Bristoe Station August 27. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battle of Antietam, Md., September 16-17. Reconnaissance to Charlestown October 16-17. Charlestown October 16. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. “Mud March” January 20-24, 1863. Operations at Welford’s, Kelly’s and Beverly Fords April 14-15. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Brandy Station and Beverly Ford June 9. Hanover, Pa., June 30, Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Hunterstown, Pa., July 4. Boonsboro, Md., July 8. Hagerstown July 10-13. Falling Waters July 14. Expedition to Port Conway September 1-3. Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan September 13-17. Culpeper Court House September 13. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. James City, Bethesda Church and near Culpeper October 10. Brandy Station October 11. Gainesville October 14. Groveton October 17-18. Gainesville, New Baltimore, Buckland’s Mills and Haymarket October 19. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 12, 1864. Craig’s Meeting House May 5. Todd’s Tavern May 5-6. Wilderness May 6-7. Sheridan’s Raid to the James River May 9-24. North Anna River May 9. Ground Squirrel Church and Yellow Tavern May 11. Brook Church and fortifications of Richmond May 12. Strawberry Hill May 12. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Totopotomoy June 2. Long Bridge June 12. Riddell’s Shop and White Oak Swamp June 13. Siege of Petersburg June 16-August 5. Ream’s Station June 22. Wilson’s Raid on Southside & Danville Railroad June 22-July 1. Nottaway Court House June 23. Staunton River Bridge June 25. Sappony Church, Stony Creek, June 28-29. Ream’s Station June 29. Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Expedition from Winchester into Faquier and Loudoun Counties November 28-December 3. Expedition to Gordonsville December 19-28. Liberty Mills December 22. Sheridan’s Raid from Winchester February 27-March 25, 1865. Occupation of Staunton and action at Waynesboro March 2. Duguidsville March 8. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Dinwiddie Court House March 30-31. Five Forks April 1. Scott’s Cross Roads April 2. Tabernacle Church or Beaver Pond Creek April 4. Sailor’s Creek April 6. Appomattox Station April 8. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Expedition to Danville April 23-29. Moved to Washington, D.C., May. Grand Review May 23. Duty at Washington, D.C., until August.
United States Regular Army at Gettysburg
Infantry Units :: 2nd Infantry :: 3rd Infantry :: 4th Infantry :: 6th Infantry :: 7th Infantry :: 8th Infantry :: 10th Infantry :: 11th Infantry :: 12th Infantry :: 14th Infantry :: 17th Infantry :: Artillery Units :: 1st Artillery E&G :: 1st Artillery H :: 1st Artillery I :: 1st Artillery K :: 2nd Artillery A :: 2nd Artillery D :: 2nd Artillery G :: 2nd Artillery B&L :: 2nd Artillery M :: 3rd Artillery C :: 3rd Artillery F&K :: 4th Artillery A :: 4th Artillery B :: 4th Artillery C :: 4th Artillery E :: 4th Artillery F :: 4th Artillery G :: 4th Artillery K :: 5th Artillery C :: 5th Artillery D :: 5th Artillery F :: 5th Artillery I :: 5th Artillery K :: Cavalry Units :: 1st Cavalry :: 2nd Cavalry :: 5th Cavalry :: 6th Cavalry :: Other Units :: Engineer Battalion :: Signal Corps