The Seventy Fifth Pennsylvania Infantry is honored by two monuments at Gettysburg, one on the Plain and the second in the National Cemetery.
About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? Oct. 6, 1888.
What is it made out of? Sculpture: black-grey granite with a bronze relief; Base: stone.
What size is it? Sculpture: approx. H. 9 ft. 3 in.; Base: approx. 16 in. x 5 ft. 9 in. x 5 ft. 9 in.
Who made it? Unknown, sculptor. Bureau Brothers, founder.
What does it depict? Polished monument has a sphere finial, Gothic top and stands on a low, square base. The Pennsylvania Coat of Arms is affixed to the front of the die. Base is stepped with the lower 4.6 foot of smooth cut stone, while the upper part has a polished face. Flanking markers are polished stone one foot square.
What does it honor? It marks the position of the regiment on July 1, 1863, when they were attacked by Ewell’s Corps.
How is it inscribed? 75TH PENNSYLVANIA INFANTRY/2ND BRIGADE, 3RD DIVISION 11TH CORPS/JULY 1. FOUGHT ON THIS POSITION FROM 2 P./M. UNTIL THE CORPS RETIRED/JULY 2 & 3 HELD POSITION AT STONE WALL/NEAR THE CEMETERY AS SHOWN BY MONUMENT/THERE./PRESENT AT GETTYSBURG 258/KILLED, OFFICERS 3,/MEN 16./WOUNDED, OFFICERS 5, MEN 84./CAPTURED OR MISSING, MEN 3./TOTAL LOSS 111
When was this photograph taken? June 16, 2012.
Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, South side of East Howard Avenue, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? Located on the extended tour route that includes Barlow’s Knoll.
Has this monument been moved or changed? This monument has not been changed or materially altered.
Secondary Monuments and Markers
Photographed: October 7, 2007.
Location: National Cemetery, near Baltimore Pike entrance. This monument’s location is marked on the map above by a RED pushpin.
Description: Vertical shaft on tiered base is topped with an apex cap. Decorative elements include scotia molding, stars which encircle the top, below the cap and a crescent insignia of the 11th Corps on three sides. Dedicated 1886. It marks the position held by the 75th Pennsylvania on July 2 & 3.
Commander: Col. Francis Mahler (1826-1863). Native of Baden, Germany. He was a shoemaker in Philadelphia. Mortally wounded in action on July 1 and died on July 4.
Number Engaged: 258
Casualties: 19 killed, 89 wounded, 3 missing
Officers Killed at Gettysburg:
- 2nd Lieutenant Henry Hauschild, Company A, of Gettysburg, killed on July 1
- Colonel Francis Mahler, Field Officer, of Philadelphia, mortally wounded on July 1
- 2nd Lieutenant Louis Mahler, Company F, of Philadelphia, killed on July 1
- 1st Lieutenant William J. Sill, Company C, mortally wounded on July 1, of Philadelphia
After Action Report: After Action Report of Maj. August Ledig (will open a pop up window).
Regimental History ~ Dyer’s Compendium of the War of the Rebellion:
Organized at Philadelphia August and September, 1861, as 40th Pennsylvania Volunteers. Left State for Washington, D.C., September 26, 1861. Attached to Casey’s Provisional Division, Army Potomac, to November, 1861. Bohlen’s 3rd Brigade, Blenker’s Division, Army Potomac, to March, 1862. 3rd Brigade, Blenker’s Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army Potomac, to April, 1862. 3rd Brigade, Blenker’s Division, Dept. of the Mountain, to June, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 11th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to October, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 11th Army Corps, Army Cumberland, to April, 1864. Unattached, 4th Division, 20th Army Corps, Dept. Cumberland, to March, 1865. 1st Brigade, 1st Sub-District, Middle Tennessee, to September, 1865.
SERVICE.–Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D. C., until March, 1862. Advance on Manassas, Va., March 10-15. Near Catlett’s Station until April 6. Moved to Petersburg, W. Va., April 6-May 11. Operations in the Shenandoah Valley until June. Battle of Cross Keys June 8. At Sperryville July 7-August 8. Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Freeman’s Ford August 22. Sulphur Springs August 24. Battles of Gainesville August 28; Groveton August 29; Bull Run August 30. Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C., until November. Moved to Centreville November 1-19, thence to Fredericksburg December 9-16. “Mud March” January 20-24, 1863. At Stafford C. H. until April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 13-July 24, Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. Guard duty along Orange & Alexandria Railroad until September. Movement to Bridgeport, Ala., September 24-October 3. Operations in Lookout Valley October 19-26. Reopening Tennessee River October 26-29. Battle of Wauhatchie, Tenn., October 28-29. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Orchard Knob November 23. Tunnel Hill November 24-25. Mission Ridge November 25. March to relief of Knoxville November 28-December 17. Duty in Pleasant Valley until January, 1864. Veterans on furlough until March. Moved to Bridgeport, Ala., March 8, and duty there until July. Moved to Nashville, Tenn., July 31, and guard trains on Nashville & Northwestern Railroad until December. Moved to Franklin December 20, and duty there until September, 1865, guarding trains, scouting and provost duty. (Co. “C” was stationed on Tennessee & Alabama Railroad and captured.) Mustered out September 1, 1865. Regiment lost during service 6 Officers and 46 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 107 Enlisted men by disease. Total 161.
Pennsylvania at Gettysburg
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