The One Hundred Fourteenth Pennsylvania Infantry is honored by a monument and a position stone at Gettysburg.
About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? Base dedicated: July 2, 1886; Sculpture dedicated: Nov. 11, 1888.
What is it made out of? Sculpture: bronze; Relief plaque: bronze; Base: granite.
What size is it? Sculpture: approx. 5 ft. 8 in. x 29 in. x 29 in.; Base: approx. 7 ft. x 39 in. x 39 in.
Who made it? Kretschman, E. A., sculptor. Bureau Brothers, founder.
What does it depict? A bronze figure of a Zouave loading his musket stands atop a granite shaft adorned with a bronze relief plaque. Monument is a two foot square polished granite shaft that is topped with a bronze statue of a Zouave and set on a three foot square smooth base. The shaft has inscriptions on all sides and a bronze state seal on the south face. Overall height is 12.8 foot. Flanking marker is one foot square with an apex top.
What does it honor? The monument indicates the position of the 114th Pennsylvania on the afternoon of July 2, 1863.
How is it inscribed? 114 PENNA. VOLS. INF’Y
When was this photograph taken? November 15, 2009.
Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, West side of Emmitsburg Road, in front of Sherfy House, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325. Located on the west side of Emmitsburg Road in front of the Joseph Sherfy farm house. It is enclosed with a cast iron fence.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? No.
Has this monument been moved or changed? This was one of the monuments damaged by vandals in February 2006 (other monuments damaged the same night included Smith’s New York Battery and that of the 11th Massachusetts). Fortunately, unlike with the other two monuments, the damage to the 114th Pennsylvania Monument was easily repaired and the monument is now fully restored.
Secondary Monuments and Markers
Photographed: November 14, 2009.
Location: Hancock Avenue, Cemetery Ridge. Located East side Hancock Avenue, South of the old Cyclorama building near a field stone fence. This monument is denoted on the map above by a RED pushpin.
Description: Indicates position of 114th Pennsylvania Infantry on the afternoon July 3, 1863 in support of Cowan’s 1st NY Battery. Shaft, rough-cut monolith with bronze tablet set in diamond pattern of the Third Corps.
The 114th Pennsylvania Infantry was also known as Collis’ Zouaves. During the battle of Gettysburg, it served as a member of Graham’s Brigade in Birney’s Division of the Third Corps, Army of the Potomac.
Commander: Lt. Col. Frederick Cavada (1832-1871). Wounded at Fredericksburg and captured at Gettysburg. A native of Cuba, he was appointed U.S. Consul and became the Chief General of the Cuban forces against Spain. He was captured and executed in 1871.
Number Engaged: 312
Casualties: 9 killed, 86 wounded, 60 missing
After Action Report: After Action Report of Capt. Edward R. Bowen (will open a pop up window).
Regimental History ~ Dyer’s Compendium of the War of the Rebellion:
Organized at Philadelphia August, 1862. Left State for Washington, D.C., August 31, 1862. Duty at Fort Slocum, Defenses of Washington, September, 1862. Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps, to March, 1864. Provost Guard, Headquarters Army of the Potomac, to March, 1865. Collins’ Independent Brigade, 9th Army Corps, to April, 1865. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, to May, 1865.
SERVICE.–March up the Potomac to Leesburg, thence to Falmouth, Va., October II-November 19, 1862, Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. Burnside’s 2nd Campaign, “Mud March,” January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth until April. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee July 5-24. Wapping Heights, Va., July 23. Duty on line of the Rappahannock until October. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Auburn October 13. Auburn and Bristoe October 14. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Kelly’s Ford November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Payne’s Farm November 27. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7, 1864. At Brandy Station until May, 1864. Assigned to duty as Provost Guard at Headquarters Army of the Potomac April 18. Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 12. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7. Spottsylvania Court House May 8-21. Guinea Station May 21. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Garrison and Provost duty at City Point, Va., June 18, 1864, to March 28, 1865. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Occupation of Petersburg April 3. Moved to Washington, D.C., May 1-12. Grand Review May 23. Mustered out May 29, 1865. Regiment lost during service 7 Officers and 66 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 37 Enlisted men by disease. Total 111.
Pennsylvania at Gettysburg
1st Reserve :: 2nd Reserve :: 5th Reserve :: 6th Reserve :: 9th Reserve :: 10th Reserve :: 11th Reserve :: 12th Reserve :: 13th Reserve :: 11th Infantry :: 23rd Infantry :: 26th Infantry :: 26th Emergency :: 27th Infantry :: 28th Infantry :: 29th Infantry :: 46th Infantry :: 49th Infantry :: 53rd Infantry :: 56th Infantry :: 57th Infantry :: 61st Infantry :: 62nd Infantry :: 63rd Infantry :: 68th Infantry :: 69th Infantry :: 71st Infantry :: 72nd Infantry :: 73rd Infantry :: 74th Infantry :: 75th Infantry :: 81st Infantry :: 82nd Infantry :: 83rd Infantry :: 84th Infantry :: 88th Infantry :: 90th Infantry :: 91st Infantry :: 93rd Infantry :: 95th Infantry :: 96th Infantry :: 98th Infantry :: 99th Infantry :: 102nd Infantry :: 105th Infantry :: 106th Infantry :: 107th Infantry :: 109th Infantry :: 110th Infantry :: 111th Infantry :: 114th Infantry :: 115th Infantry :: 116th Infantry :: 118th Infantry :: 119th Infantry :: 121st Infantry :: 139th Infantry :: 140th Infantry :: 141st Infantry :: 142nd Infantry :: 143rd Infantry :: 145th Infantry :: 147th Infantry :: 148th Infantry :: 149th Infantry :: 150th Infantry :: 151st Infantry :: 153rd Infantry :: 155th Infantry :: Cavalry :: 1st Regiment :: 2nd Regiment :: 3rd Regiment :: 4th Regiment :: 6th Regiment :: 8th Regiment :: 16th Regiment :: 17th Regiment :: 18th Regiment :: 21st Regiment :: Artillery :: 1st Artillery B :: 1st Artillery F&G :: 3rd Artillery H :: Independent C&F :: Independent E