The Third Pennsylvania Artillery, Battery H is honored by a monument and a position marker at Gettysburg.
About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? Installed Aug.-Sept. 1889. Dedicated Sept. 17, 1891.
What is it made out of? Sculpture: granite with bronze relief; Base: granite.
What size is it? Sculpture: approx. 10 ft. x 6 ft. x 40 in.; Base: approx. 19 in. x 7 ft. 10 in. x 5 ft. 6 in.
Who made it? Beattie & Brooks, sculptor. Bureau Brothers, founder.
What does it depict? Marker with rounded top and sloping plinth stands on rough-hewn base. The top and sides of the marker have rough-hewn surfaces. Recessed onto the front is a bas-relief of a cannon sitting on a rutted road against a split-rail fence. There are trees on the right and in the distance. A State Seal is affixed above the bas-relief and the Corps insignia of crossed swords is on the front face of the plinth. Monument is a three-part granite shaft with a polished face and rough cut on the other three sides, and set on a 7.5×5 foot rough cut base. The shaft has incised inscriptions, a bronze medallion, a corps emblem, and a sculptured bronze bas-relief. Overall height is 10 feet. Flanking markers are one foot square.
What does it honor? It indicates the position held by a section of Battery H on July 2, 1863 when they fired into the moving columns of Ewell’s Corps.
How is it inscribed? 3D PENNSYLVANIA HEAVY ARTILLERY/1ST BRIGADE 2D DIVISION/CAVALRY CORPS/MOUNTED AS A BATTERY OF LIGHT ARTILLERY MAY 6, 1863/SECOND SECTION PARTICIPATED IN THE BATTLE (On right:) TEMPORARILY ATTACHED TO THE 1ST BRIGADE 2D DIVISION/CAVALRY CORPS/FROM JUNE 28 TO JULY 7, 1863
When was this photograph taken? December 9, 2011.
Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, Hanover Road, north side, west of entrance to East Cavalry Field, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325. Located on the north side of Hanover Road, west of United States Cavalry Avenue.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? No.
Has this monument been moved or changed? This monument has not been moved or materially altered.
Secondary Monuments and Markers
Photographed: September 18, 2009.
Location: South Hancock Avenue. Located on west side of Hancock Avenue, south end. This monument is denoted on the map above by a RED pushpin.
Description: Iron War Department tablet. Marks position of Rank’s Cavalry Corps 3rd Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery US Battery on July 3, 1863. Painted inscription tablet, 3’8″x3′. Mounted on fluted post, 4’4″ high. Tablet cast by Calvin Gilbert, founder. Dedicated in 1913.
Inscription: Text is as follows,
ARMY OF THE POTOMAC
SECOND DIVISION FIRST BRIGADE
3RD PENNA. HEAVY ARTILLERY
SECTION BATTERY H
Two 3 Inch Rifles
Captain William D. Rank
July 2. Marched with the 2D Cavalry Division and went into position on the Hanover Road 3 miles from Gettysburg.
July 3. In position here in early morning and was engaged in the afternoon assisting in the repulse of Longstreet’s assault.
Loss Missing 1 Man
Commander: Capt. William D. Rank (1838-1872). Clerk from Philadelphia.
Number Engaged: 52 men and 2 Ordnance Rifles
Casualties: 1 missing
Notable Information: Company H was ordered to duty in the defenses of Baltimore, where, with the exception of being sent to the front to fight in the battle of Gettysburg, it remained during its entire term of service.
Raised: Lebanon County
Regimental History ~ Dyer’s Compendium of the War of the Rebellion:
Organized at Philadelphia by consolidation of Robert’s Battalion Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery, assigned as Companies “C,” “D” and “F”; Segebarth’s Battalion Marine Artillery, assigned as Companies “A,” “B,” “G,” “H,” “K” and “L,” and 1st Battalion Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery, assigned as Company “E.” Two more Companies organized at Philadelphia as Companies “I” and “M.” Regiment organized February 17, 1863, and ordered to Fortress Monroe, Va. Attached to Camp Hamilton, 7th Corps, Dept. of Virginia, to May, 1863. Fortress Monroe, Va., 7th Corps, to July, 1863. Fortress Monroe, Va., Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to May, 1864. District of Eastern Virginia to June, 1865. Fortress Monroe, Va., Dept. of Virginia, to November, 1865.
SERVICE.–Duty in the Dept. of Virginia entire term, with Headquarters at Fortress Monroe, Va. Detachments of all Companies but “H” served at times in Graham’s Naval Brigade and participated in several engagements on the James, Chickahominy and Nansemond Rivers. Defense of Suffolk, Va., April 12-May 4, 1863 (Cos. “A,” “B,” “F” and “G”). A Detachment of Company “A” in action at Smithfield, N. C., February 1, 1864, and at siege of Plymouth, N. C., April 17-20, 1864, on Gunboat “Bombshell.” Companies “D,” “E” and “G” in Butler’s operations on south side of James River against Petersburg and Richmond May, 1864, then at various redoubts and forts on the Bermuda Hundred front until May, 1865. Company “F” was in charge of Prison Camp at Camp Hamilton, near Fortress Monroe, September, 1863, to end of war. Company “I” served at Headquarters Army of the James in Appomattox Campaign and was present at Appomattox C. H. April 9, 1865; surrender of Lee and his army. Company “M” served as Siege Artillery, Army James, in siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond May, 1864, to May, 1865. Posted principally on the Bermuda Hundred front. Detachments of Companies “F” and “G” were in attack on and capture of Fort Fisher, N. C., January 15, 1865. Company “H” served detached at Baltimore, Md., entire term; was at Gettysburg, Pa., July 2-3, 1863. Companies “A” and “B” mustered out July 11, 1865; Company “H” July 25, 1865, and Regiment November 9, 1865. Regiment lost during service 19 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 214 Enlisted men by disease. Total 234.
Pennsylvania at Gettysburg
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