The Independent Pennsylvania Artillery Battery E is honored by two monuments at Gettysburg. One is located on Powers Hill and the other is located at the summit of Culp’s Hill.
About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? Installed Oct. 1897.
What is it made out of? Sculpture: granite with bronze relief; Base: granite.
What size is it? Sculpture: approx. 5 ft. x 4 ft. 1 in. x 4 ft. 5 in.; Base: approx. 1 ft. x 4 ft. 8 in. x 4 ft. 11 in.
Who made it? Smith Granite Company, fabricator. Bureau Brothers, founder.
What does it depict? Sculpture is crafted in the form of a cannon. The center form is square and it is flanked by two rounded forms on which is sculpted the hub and spokes of the wheels. The barrel of the cannon rests in the center. A square relief of the State Seal is affixed to the front.
What does it honor? It indicates the position held by Knap’s Battery when they opened fire about 3:30 A. M. on July 3, 1863 to initiate the fighting on the Culp’s Hill front. There is evidence that two cannons once flanked this piece, as there are stones for a wheel and a trail.
How is it inscribed? MUSTERED IN OCT. 1ST 1861./RE-ENLISTED JAN. 1864./MUSTERED OUT JUNE 14TH 1865./AT 3:30 P.M. JULY 2D ONE GUN WAS PLACED/ON CULP’S HILL IN THE POSITON MARKED/BY A MONUMENT, AND WAS JOINED BY TWO/OTHERS AT 5 P.M., WHEN THE THREE GUNS/ENGAGED THE ENEMY’S BATTERIES ON/BENNER’S HILL./THESE GUNS WERE/WITHDRAWN WHEN THE INFANTRY WAS/ORDERED TO THE LEFT AND THE/BATTERY WENT INTO THIS POSITION,/WHERE IT REMAINED UNTIL THE CLOSE/OF THE BATTLE/PRESENT AT GETTYSBURG/4 OFFICERS AND 135 MEN./WOUNDED 3 MEN
When was this photograph taken? June 14, 2012.
Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, Powers Hill, north of Granite Schoolhouse Lane, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325. Located on Powers Hill.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? No.
Has this monument been moved or changed? This monument has not been changed or materially altered.
Secondary Monuments and Markers
Photographed: March 21, 2008.
Location: Culp’s Hill near the observation tower. Located at the summit of Culp’s Hill. This monument is denoted on the map above by a RED pushpin.
Description: Installed 1885-1886. It indicates the position held by Knap’s Battery about 4:00 P.M. on July 2, 1863 when they, along with Kinzie’s Battery, responded to fire from a Confederate Battery across Rock Creek. In 1886, representatives from the Smith Granite Company made minor changes in the location of the piece to better indicate the Battery’s position during the battle. Originally, there was a polished granite ball on top and a bronze Pennsylvania Coat of Arms tablet on the face, but these were stolen. Granite ball has since been replaced. Manufactured by the Smith Granite Company, fabricator.
Monument is a rough cut granite shaft topped with a ramparted fortification and set on a 3.6 foot rough cut base. The shaft has a polished incised tablet on the front. Overall height is 6.10 feet. Flanking marker on the right is one foot square.
The Independent Pennsylvania Artillery, Battery E was also known as Knap’s Battery. During the battle of Gettysburg, it served as a member of Muhlenberg’s Brigade in the Twelfth Corps, Army of the Potomac.
Commander: Lt. Charles A. Atwell (1840-1863). Clerk from Allegheny City. Died on November 2, 1863 of wounds relieved at the battle of Wauhatchie, Tennessee on October 28.
Number Engaged: 6 Parrotts and 139 men
Casualties: 3 wounded
Raised: Philadelphia and Allegheny county.
Regimental History ~ Dyer’s Compendium of the War of the Rebellion:
Organized at Point of Rocks, Md., from a Company formed for 63rd Pennsylvania and surplus men of the 28th Pennsylvania Infantry September, 1861. Attached to W. F. Smith’s Division, Army of the Potomac, to November, 1861. Banks’ Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Geary’s Separate Brigade, Banks’ 5th Army Corps, to April, 1862. Geary’s Separate Brigade, Dept. of the Shenandoah, to May, 1862. Geary’s Separate Brigade, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to June, 1862. Artillery, 2nd Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. Artillery, 2nd Division, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1863. Artillery Brigade, 12th Army Corps, to December, 1863. Artillery, 2nd Division, 12th Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to April, 1864. Artillery, 2nd Division, 20th Army Corps, to July, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 20th Army Corps, to June, 1865.
SERVICE.–Camp at East Capital Hill, Defenses of Washington, until November 24, 1861. Moved to Point of Rocks November 24. Duty there and near Harper’s Ferry until February 28, 1862. Action at Point of Rocks December 19. Occupation of Loudon Heights February 28. Operations on line of Manassas Gap Railroad March 1-April 14. Capture of Lovettsville March 1. March to Wheetland and Leesburg March 7-8. Capture of Leesburg March 8. Advance to Snickersville March 12. Upperville March 14. Ashby’s Gap March 15. Middleburg March 27. Operations about Middleburg and White Plains March 27-28. Salem April 1. Thoroughfare Gap April 2. Piedmont April 14. Guarding Railroad at Salem until May 23. Front Royal May 23. Retreat to Manassas May 24-25. Guard Railroad and operations in the Valley until August. Reconnaissance to Orange and Culpeper Court House July 12-17. Battle of Cedar Mountain August 9. Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Rappahannock Bridge August 21. Sulphur Springs August 23-25. Maryland Campaign September 2-23. Battle of Antietam September 16-17. Moved to Harper’s Ferry September 19-23. Duty at Sandy Hook until December. Reconnaissance to Rippon November 9. Reconnaissance to Winchester December 2-6. Berryville December 2. Winchester December 4. March to Fairfax Station December 9-17, and duty there until January 20, 1863. “Mud March” January 20-24. At Aquia Creek until April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. Movement to Bridgeport, Ala., September 24-October 3. Wauhatchie, Tenn., October 28-29. Battles of Chattanooga November 23-25; Lookout Mountain November 23-24; Mission Ridge November 25; Ringgold Gap, Taylor’s Ridge, November 27. Reenlisted January, 1864, and on furlough January and February. Expedition down Tennessee River to Triana April 12-16. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May to September. Demonstration on Rocky Faced Ridge May 8-11. Dug Gap or Mill Springs May 8. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Near Cassville May 19. New Hope Church May 25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 26-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Pine Mountain June 11-14. Gilgal or Golgotha Church June 15. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Muddy Creek June 17. Noyes Creek June 19. Kolb’s Farm June 22. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Ruff’s Station or Smyrna Camp Ground July 4. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Peach Tree Creek July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Operations at Chattahoochie River Bridge August 26-September 2. Occupation of Atlanta September 2-November 15. Near Atlanta November 9. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Averysboro, N. C., March 16. Battle of Bentonville March 19-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 9-13. Neuse River April 10. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett’s’ House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond. Va., April 29-May 20. Grand Review May 24. Mustered out at Pittsburg June 14, 1865. Battery lost during service 2 Officers and 12 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 11 Enlisted men by disease. Total 25.
Pennsylvania at Gettysburg
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