About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? Oct. 9, 1888.
What is it made out of? Monument: Quincy granite with bronze relief; Horse: bronze; Base: granite with bronze relief.
What size is it? Sculpture: approx. H. 12 ft.; Base: approx. W. 6 ft. x D. 4 ft. 6 in.
Who made it? Monument: Quincy granite with bronze relief; Horse: bronze; Base: granite with bronze relief.
What does it depict? A granite head of a horse atop a pedestal and rough-hewn base. The pedestal is smooth in the front, and rough-hewn on the remaining sides. Reliefs of the cavalry insignia are affixed the front of the base and on the upper rear of the pedestal. There is a relief of the New York State Seal on the upper front of the pedestal. This work stands in the yard of a private home. Monument is a two-part granite shaft of which the first part is rough cut with a bronze medallion obverse and the second part is rough cut with a smooth front face with an excised inscription and bronze medallion. A bronze horse’s head tops it. Base is 6×4.6 foot. The bronze work was designed and sculptured by Casper Buberl.
What does it honor? The monument marks the location on Brinkerhoff’s Ridge where dismounted members of the 10th New York Cavalry fought the 2nd Virginia Infantry in the late afternoon of July 2, 1863, suffering nine casualties.
How is it inscribed? 10TH NEW YORK/CAVALRY/3RD BRIG 2ND DIV/CAVALRY CORPS/JULY 2ND 1863 3 TO 8 P.M.
When was this photograph taken? November 15, 2009.
Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, North side of Hanover Road, east of U.S. 15 interchange, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? No.
Has this monument been moved or changed? A dry laid stone retaining facing was erected by the CCC in 1937 on the embankment below the monument after the highway was regraded by the state in the late 1930s.
The 10th New York Cavalry was also known as Porter Guard. During the battle of Gettysburg, it served as a member of Gregg’s Brigade in Gregg’s Division of the Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac. A Fighting 300 Regiment.
Commander: Maj. Matthew H. Avery (1835-1881). Engaged in book and stationary business in Syracuse. Wounded December 1, 1864. Post-war pioneer in oil business.
Number Engaged: 392
Casualties: 2 killed, 4 wounded, 3 missing
Soldiers Buried in the New York Plot of the Gettysburg National Cemetery:
- Pvt. Philip Bentzel, Company E, A-94
After Action Report: After Action Report of Maj. M. Henry Avery (will open a pop up window).
Raised: counties of Chemung, Chenango, Cortland, Fulton, Erie, and Onondaga
Regimental History ~ Dyer’s Compendium of the War of the Rebellion:
Organized at Elmira, N. Y., September 27, 1861. Moved to Gettysburg, Pa., December 24, and duty there until March, 1862. Duty at Havre de Grace and Baltimore, Md.. Middle Department and in the Defenses of Washington, D.C., until August, 1862 Attached to Bayard’s Cavalry Brigade, Army of Virginia. August-September, 1862. Bayard’s Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army of the Potomac, to January, 1863. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, June, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, to August, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, to May, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, to June, 1865.
SERVICE.–Sulphur Springs, Va., August 27, 1862. Near Frying Pan August 27. Reconnaissance to Dranesville, Herndon Station and Frying Pan August 31. Near Centreville September 3. Reconnaissance to Leesburg October 16-17. Aldie and Mountsville October 31. Rappahannock Station November 1. New Baltimore November 4. Rappahannock Station November 7, 8 and 9. United States Ford November 16 (Co. “H”). Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. Occoquan, Dumfries, December 19. “Mud March” January 20-24, 1863. Hartwood Church February 25. Rappahannock Railroad Bridge April 14. Stoneman’s Raid toward Richmond April 27-May 8. Kelly’s Ford April 30. Rapidan Station May 1. Louisa Court House May 2, South Anna Bridge May 3. Ashland Church May 4. Thompson’s Cross Roads May 4. Brandy Station and Beverly Ford June 9. Aldie June 17. Middleburg June 18, 19 and 20. Upperville June 21. Aldie June 22. Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Fairfield, Pa., July 5. Hagerstown, Md., July 11. Boonsboro July 11-12. Near Harper’s Ferry July 14. Shephardstown July 14 and 16. Halltown July 15. Near Amissville August 4. Little Washington August 5. Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan September 13-17. Culpeper Court House September 13. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Near Warrenton October 11. Warrenton or White Sulphur Springs October 12-13. Auburn and St. Stephen’s Church October 14. Catlett’s Station October 15-16. Rappahannock Station October 24. Philomont November 1. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. New Hope Church November 27. Parker’s Store November 29. Expedition to Luray December 21-23. Rapidan Campaign May-June, 1864. Near Chancellorsville May 4. Todd’s Tavern May 5-6. Wilderness May 6-7. Todd’s Tavern May 7-8. Spottsylvania May 8. Sheridan’s Raid to the James River May 9-24. North Anna River May 9-10. Ground Squirrel Church and Yellow Tavern May 11. Glen Allen May 11. Fortifications of Richmond May 12. Jones Bridge May 17. Haxall’s Landing May 18. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Hanovertown and Haw’s Shop May 28. Old Church Tavern May 30. Cold Harbor May 31-June 1. Barker’s and Gaines Mills June 2. Bottom’s Bridge June 3. Sheridan’s Trevillian Raid June 7-24. Trevillian Station June 11-12. Malvern Hill June 16. Kings and Queens Court House June 18. White House or St. Peter’s Church and Black Creek or Tunstall Station June 21. Samaria Church June 24. Before Petersburg June 26, 1864, to April 2, 1865, Ream’s Station June 30, 1864. Light House Point July 1. Gaines Hill July 2. Prince George Court House July 10 and 16. Lee’s Mills July 12. Deep Bottom July 27-28. Malvern Hill July 28. Lee’s Mills July 30. Demonstration north of the James August 13-20. Gravel Hill August 14. Strawberry Plains August 14-18. Weldon Railroad August 19-21. Dinwiddie Road, near Ream’s Station, August 23. Ream’s Station August 25. Arthur’s Swamp August 29-30. Yellow Tavern September 2. Stony Creek Station September 16. Belcher’s Mills September 17. Poplar Springs Church, Peeble’s Farm, September 29-October 2. Vaughan Road September 30-October 1. Duncan Road October 1. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run, October 27-28. Near Prince George Court House November 2. Reconnaissance to Stony Creek November 7. Blackwater Creek November 18. Stony Creek December 1. Hicksford Raid December 6-12. Bellefield December 9-10. Jarrett’s Station December 10. Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run, February 5-7, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28- April 9. Dinwiddie Court House March 30-31. Five Forks April 1. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Payne’s Cross Roads and Amelia Springs April 5. Deatonville Road and Sailor’s Creek April 6. Farmville April 7. Appomattox Station April 8. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Expedition to Danville April 23-29. Moved to Washington, D. C, May. Grand Review May 23. Consolidated with 24th New York Cavalry June 17, 1865, to form 1st Regiment Provisional Cavalry. Regiment lost during service 9 Officers and 93 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 148 Enlisted men by disease. Total 251.
New York at Gettysburg
New York Infantry 10th Infantry :: 12th Infantry :: 33rd Infantry :: 39th Infantry :: 40th Infantry :: 41st Infantry :: 42nd Infantry :: 43rd Infantry :: 44th Infantry :: 45th Infantry :: 49th Infantry :: 52nd Infantry :: 54th Infantry :: 57th Infantry :: 58th Infantry :: 59th Infantry :: 60th Infantry :: 61st Infantry :: 62nd Infantry :: 63rd Infantry :: 64th Infantry :: 65th Infantry :: 66th Infantry :: 67th Infantry :: 68th Infantry :: 69th Infantry :: 70th Infantry :: 71st Infantry :: 72nd Infantry :: 73rd Infantry :: 74th Infantry :: 76th Infantry :: 77th Infantry :: 78th Infantry :: 80th Infantry :: 82nd Infantry :: 83rd Infantry :: 84th Infantry :: 86th Infantry :: 88th Infantry :: 94th Infantry :: 95th Infantry :: 97th Infantry :: 102nd Infantry :: 104th Infantry :: 107th Infantry :: 108th Infantry :: 111th Infantry :: 119th Infantry :: 120th Infantry :: 121st Infantry :: 122nd Infantry :: 123rd Infantry :: 124th Infantry :: 125th Infantry :: 126th Infantry :: 134th Infantry :: 136th Infantry :: 137th Infantry :: 140th Infantry :: 145th Infantry :: 146th Infantry :: 147th Infantry :: 149th Infantry :: 150th Infantry :: 154th Infantry :: 157th Infantry :: New York Cavalry :: 2nd Regiment :: 4th Regiment :: 5th Regiment :: 6th Regiment :: 8th Regiment :: 9th Regiment :: 10th Regiment :: Oneida Company :: New York Artillery :: 1st Artillery B (14th attached) :: 1st Artillery C :: 1st Artillery D :: 1st Artillery G :: 1st Artillery I :: 1st Artillery K (11th attached) :: 1st Artillery E&L :: 1st Artillery M :: 1st Independent :: 3rd Independent :: 4th Independent :: 5th Independent :: 6th Independent :: 10th Independent :: 13th Independent :: 15th Independent