About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? Erected between 1907 and 1908.
What is it made out of? Foundation: Concrete. Monument: Polished red Jonesboro Granite. Plaque: Bronze.
What size is it? 24 by 50 inches and 7 feet high.
Who made it? Van Armitage Granite Company
What does it depict? One of 45 monuments erected to units of the United States regular army on the battlefield. A red polished Jonesboro granite monolith that is set upon a concrete foundation with a descriptive 3’6′x3’7′ bronze tablet with the coat of arms of the United States in bronze.
What does it honor? Locates position occupied by Woodruff’s Regular 1st Artillery, July 2-3, 1864, during Battle of Gettysburg
How is it inscribed? The monument reads,
ARMY OF THE POTOMAC
BATTERY I FIRST U. S. ARTILLERY
Six 12 Pounders
Lieut. George A. Woodruff Commanding
Lieut. Tully McCrea Commanding
July 2 & 3. Arrived and took position in Ziegler’s Grove on the left of Evergreen Cemetery actively engaged and assisted in repelling Longstreet’s assault. Lieut. Woodruff was mortally wounded on the 3D and the command devolved on Lieut. Tully McCrea.
Casualties Killed 1 Man Wounded 1 Officer and 23 Men
When was this photograph taken? April 14, 2011.
Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325. Located in Ziegler’s grove, east side of Hancock Avenue.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? Yes.
Has this monument been moved or changed? This monument has not been moved or materially altered.
Commander: Lt. George A. Woodruff (1840-1863). Born in Marshall, Michigan. USMA 1861. Mortally wounded on July 3, dying the following day.
Number Engaged: 6 Napoleons and 113 men
Casualties: 1 killed, 24 wounded
Officers Killed at Gettysburg:
- 1st Lieutenant George A. Woodruff, commanding, USMA 1861, mortally wounded on July 3, of Marshall, Michigan, aged 23
Soldiers Buried in the United States Plot of the Gettysburg National Cemetery:
- Pvt. Patrick McGuinity, D-19
- Pvt. Thomas Padgett, B-6
Raised: The unit was organized in 1821 from recruits from New York City and Suffolk County, Massachusetts.
Regimental History ~ Dyer’s Compendium of the War of the Rebellion:
Stationed at Fort Pickens, Fla., January to May, 1861. Moved to Fort Hamilton, N.Y. Harbor, May 13-26, thence to Washington, D.C., July 8. At Arlington Heights, Va., until July 16. Attached to Richardson’s Brigade, Tyler’s Division, McDowell’s Army Northeast Virginia, to August, 1861. Richardson’s Brigade, Division Potomac, to October, 1861. Artillery Reserve, Army Potomac (temporarily attached to Batteries “E” and “K,” 1st Artillery, February, 1862), to May, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Artillery Reserve, 5th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to September, 1862. Artillery, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, to October, 1862. Artillery, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, to May, 1863. 2nd Regular Brigade, Artillery Reserve, Army Potomac, to June, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Horse Artillery, Army Potomac, to June, 1864.
SERVICE.–Reconnaissance from Alexandria on Fairfax, Richmond and Mt. Vernon Roads July 14. Advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21. Occupation of Fairfax Court House July 17. Blackburn’s Ford July 18. Battle of Bull Run July 21. Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C., until March, 1862. Moved to the Virginia Peninsula. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Battle of Fair Oaks, Seven Pines, May 31-June 1. Seven days before Richmond June 26-July 1. Golding’s Farm June 27. Savage Station and Peach Orchard June 29. White Oak Swamp and Glendale June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison’s Landing until August 16. Moved to Fortress Monroe, thence to Centerville August 16-28. Pope’s Campaign in Virginia August 28-September 2. Battles of Groveton August 29. Bull Run August 30. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Crampton’s Pass September 14. Battle of Antietam September 16-17. Shepherdstown Ford September 19-20. At Sharpsburg, Md., until October 30. Movement to Falmouth October 30-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 11-15. At Falmouth until April, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-6. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Aldie June 17. Middleburg June 19. Upperville June 20-21. Ashby’s Gap June 21. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Shepherdstown July 16. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Custer’s Raid into Albemarle County February 28-March 1. Near Charlottesville February 29. Stannardsville March 1. Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 5. Wilderness May 5-7. Spotsylvania May 8-21. Milford Station May 21. Chesterfield May 23. North Anna May 23-26. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Machump’s Creek May 31. Cold Harbor June 1-5. Sharp’s Farm June 3. Moved to Washington, D.C., June 18, and garrison duty at Forts Willard and Strong, Defenses of Washington, 22nd Corps, to October, 1865.
United States Regular Army at Gettysburg
Infantry Units :: 2nd Infantry :: 3rd Infantry :: 4th Infantry :: 6th Infantry :: 7th Infantry :: 8th Infantry :: 10th Infantry :: 11th Infantry :: 12th Infantry :: 14th Infantry :: 17th Infantry :: Artillery Units :: 1st Artillery E&G :: 1st Artillery H :: 1st Artillery I :: 1st Artillery K :: 2nd Artillery A :: 2nd Artillery D :: 2nd Artillery G :: 2nd Artillery B&L :: 2nd Artillery M :: 3rd Artillery C :: 3rd Artillery F&K :: 4th Artillery A :: 4th Artillery B :: 4th Artillery C :: 4th Artillery E :: 4th Artillery F :: 4th Artillery G :: 4th Artillery K :: 5th Artillery C :: 5th Artillery D :: 5th Artillery F :: 5th Artillery I :: 5th Artillery K :: Cavalry Units :: 1st Cavalry :: 2nd Cavalry :: 5th Cavalry :: 6th Cavalry :: Other Units :: Engineer Battalion :: Signal Corps