About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? Erected between 1907 and 1908.
What is it made out of? Foundation: Concrete. Monument: Polished red Jonesboro Granite. Plaque: Bronze.
What size is it? 24 by 50 inches and 7 feet high.
Who made it? Van Armitage Granite Company
What does it depict? One of 45 monuments erected to units of the United States regular army on the battlefield. A red polished Jonesboro granite monolith that is set upon a concrete foundation with a descriptive 3’6′x3’7′ bronze tablet with the coat of arms of the United States in bronze.
What does it honor? Locates position occupied by Cushing’s Battery during Battle of Gettysburg.
How is it inscribed? The monument is inscribed,
ARMY OF THE POTOMAC
BATTERY A FOURTH U. S. ARTILLERY
Six 3 Inch Rifles
Lieut. Alonzo H. Cushing and Sergt. Frederick Fuger Commanding
July 2. Arrived and took position with the brigade of Brig. General A. S. Webb Second Division Second Corps and took part in the artillery engagements during the day.
July 3. Engaged in the repulse of Longstreet’s assault and lost all its officers killed or wounded and all the guns but one and all its horses but three were disabled. Lieut. Cushing was killed while firing the last shot from the only effective gun. After the repulse of Longstreet’s assault the Battery was withdrawn.
Casualties Killed 1 Officer and 5 Men Wounded 1 Officer and 31 Men
When was this photograph taken? September 24, 2010.
Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325. Located west side Hancock Avenue at The Angle.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route?
Has this monument been moved or changed? This monument has not been moved or materially altered.
Secondary Monuments and Markers
Commander: Lt. Alonzo H. Cushing (1841-1863). USMA 1861 from Delafield, Wisconsin. Killed on July 3.
Number Engaged: 6 Ordnance Rifles and 129 men
Casualties: 6 killed, 32 wounded
Officers Killed at Gettysburg:
- 1st Lieutenant Alonzo H. Cushing, commanding, aged 22, of Delafield, Wisconsin, USMA 1861, killed on July 3
- 2nd Lieutenant Joseph S. Milne, attached from Battery B 1st Rhode Island, of Newport Rhode Island, mortally wounded on July 3
Soldiers Buried in the United States Plot of the Gettysburg National Cemetery:
- Pvt. Ansel Fassett, B-2
- Pvt. Joseph W. Irwin, B-7
- Pvt. James Murphy, acting Sgt., B-9
- Pvt. William Patton, B-8
- Pvt. Martin Scanlon, B-5
Medal of Honor Winners: FUGER, FREDERICK. Rank and organization: Sergeant, Battery A, 4th U.S. Artillery. Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Germany. Date of issue: 24 August 1897. Citation: All the officers of his battery having been killed or wounded and five of its guns disabled in Pickett’s assault, he succeeded to the command and fought the remaining gun with most distinguished gallantry until the battery was ordered withdrawn.
Raised: The unit dated back to 1821 and in 1861 was stationed at Fort Crittenden in the Utah Territory. In October 1862, this unit received substantial reinforcements from the 4th Ohio, giving it a Buckeye flavor.
Regimental History ~ Dyer’s Compendium of the War of the Rebellion:
Consolidated with Battery “C” at Washington, D.C., October, 1861. Attached to Sumner’s Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to November, 1862. (Batteries separated October 18, 1862.) Reserve Artillery, 2nd Army Corps, to May, 1863. Artillery Brigade, 2nd Army Corps, to July, 1863. 1st Brigade, Horse Artillery, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1864. 1st Brigade, Hardin’s Division, 22nd Army Corps, to July, 1864. Camp Barry, Defenses of Washington, D. C., 22nd Corps, to August, 1865.
SERVICE.–Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C., until March, 1862. Moved to the Virginia Peninsula. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Battle of Seven Pines, Fair Oaks, May 31-June 1. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Peach Orchard and Savage Station June 29. White Oak Swamp and Glen- dale June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison’s Landing until August 16. Movement to Alexandria and Centreville August 16-28. Cover Pope’s retreat August 28-September 2. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battle of Antietam, Md., September 16-17. At Harper’s Ferry September 22-October 30. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. At Falmouth, Va., until April, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 16. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Made a Horse Battery July 15, and attached to 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac. Advance to the Rapidan September 13-17. Culpeper Court House September 13. Reconnaissance across the Rapidan September 21-23. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. White Sulphur Springs October 12. Bristoe Station October 14. St. Stephen’s Church October 14. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Parker’s Store November 29. Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 4, 1864. Wilderness May 5-7. Sheridan’s Raid to the James River May 9-24. North Anna River May 9. Ground Squirrel Church and Yellow Tavern May 11. Brook Church, Fortifications of Richmond, May 12. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor May 31-June 1. Dismounted and sent to Washington, D.C., June 4. Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C., until August, 1865.
United States Regular Army at Gettysburg
Infantry Units :: 2nd Infantry :: 3rd Infantry :: 4th Infantry :: 6th Infantry :: 7th Infantry :: 8th Infantry :: 10th Infantry :: 11th Infantry :: 12th Infantry :: 14th Infantry :: 17th Infantry :: Artillery Units :: 1st Artillery E&G :: 1st Artillery H :: 1st Artillery I :: 1st Artillery K :: 2nd Artillery A :: 2nd Artillery D :: 2nd Artillery G :: 2nd Artillery B&L :: 2nd Artillery M :: 3rd Artillery C :: 3rd Artillery F&K :: 4th Artillery A :: 4th Artillery B :: 4th Artillery C :: 4th Artillery E :: 4th Artillery F :: 4th Artillery G :: 4th Artillery K :: 5th Artillery C :: 5th Artillery D :: 5th Artillery F :: 5th Artillery I :: 5th Artillery K :: Cavalry Units :: 1st Cavalry :: 2nd Cavalry :: 5th Cavalry :: 6th Cavalry :: Other Units :: Engineer Battalion :: Signal Corps