About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? Dedicated July 2, 1888; Bronze inscription added 1901.
What is it made out of? Monument: granite with bronze tablets; Base: stone.
What size is it? Overall: approx. H. 12 ft. 5 in.; Base: approx. 1 ft. 2 in. x 5 ft. 6 in. x 5 ft. 6 in.
Who made it? Unknown, sculptor.
What does it depict? Granite monument with apex cap with an arched finial and granite sphere. The apex cap is formed from the shape of 6th Corps Greek Cross with floral decorations below on all sides. A State Seal (two horses rearing with ship emblem in between, and an eagle with olive branch above the ship) appears in bronze plaque on front. Below is banner with motto. The monument is set on a two-tiered rough hewn base. It was dedicated July 2, 1888 and the bronze inscription tablet was added in 1901. Monument is a 3.2 foot square granite shaft topped with an apex cap with arches and set on a rough hewn 5.6 foot square base. Overall height is 12.3 foot. The shaft has rough hewn edges with recessed inscription panels and bronze tablets. The flanking marker is flat topped, one foot square.
What does it honor? It marks the position held by the 95th Pennsylvania Infantry from the evening of July 2, 1863 until the VI Corps left to pursue Lee’s Army on the morning of July 5th.
How is it inscribed? VIRTUE LIBERTY AND INDEPENDENCE/GOSLINE ZOUAVES/OCCUPIED THIS POSITION IN RESERVE/FROM EVENING OF JULY 2ND,/TO MORNING OF JULY 5TH. (On plinth below:) 2D. BRIGADE 1ST DIVISION/6TH CORPS
When was this photograph taken? February 6, 2009.
Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, North side of Wheatfield Road, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? No.
Has this monument been moved or changed? This monument has not been moved or materially altered.
The 95th Pennsylvania Infantry was also known as Gosline Zouaves. During the battle of Gettysburg, it served as a member of Bartlett’s Brigade in Wright’s Division of the Sixth Corps, Army of the Potomac. A Fighting 300 Regiment.
Commander: Lt. Col. Edward Carroll (1825-1864). Carpenter from Philadelphia. Wounded at Gaines Mill. Killed in action in the battle of the Wilderness.
Number Engaged: 356
Casualties: 1 killed, 1 wounded
Regimental History ~ Dyer’s Compendium of the War of the Rebellion:
Organized at Philadelphia August to October, 1861. Left State for Washington, D.C., October 12. Attached to Newton’s Brigade, Franklin’s Division, Army Potomac, to March, 1862, 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, Army Potomac, to April, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to May, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to May, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, Army Potomac, and Army Shenandoah, to June, 1865.
SERVICE.–Camp at Kendall Green, Defenses of Washington, D.C., until October 29, 1861, and at Fairfax Seminary, Va., until March, 1862. Advance on Manassas, Va., March 10-15. McDowell’s advance on Falmouth, Va., April 4-17. Moved to Shipping Point, Va., April 17, thence to the Virginia Peninsula April 22. Siege of Yorktown April 24-May 4 (on transports). West Point May 7-8. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Gaines’ Mill June 27. Charles City Cross Roads, and Glendale June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison’s Landing until August 16. Movement to Fortress Monroe, thence to Centreville August 16-28. In works at Centreville August 28-31. Cover Pope’s retreat to Fairfax C. H. September 1. Maryland Campaign September 6-24. Crampton’s Pass, South Mountain, September 14. Antietam September 16-17. Duty in Maryland until October 29. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 29-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. Burnside’s second Campaign, “Mud March,” January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth until April. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Bernard House April 29. Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3. Salem Heights May 3-4. Banks’ Ford May 4. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 13-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 2-4. Pursuit of Lee July 5-24. At and near Funkstown July 10-13. Hagerstown July 14. Duty on line of the Rappahannock until October. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Regiment reenlisted December 26. At Brandy Station until May, 1864. Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 12. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania C. H. May 8-12. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 17-18. Siege of Petersburg until July 9. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23. Moved to Washington, D.C., July 9-11. Repulse of Early’s attack on Washington July 11-12. Pursuit of Early to Snicker’s Gap July 14-18. Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign August to December. Summit Point August 21. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher’s Hill September 22. New Market September 24. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty in the Shenandoah Valley until December. Moved to Petersburg, Va., December. Siege of Peters,burg December, 1864, to April, 1865. Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run, February 5-7, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Appomattox C. H. April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Moved to Danville April 23-27, and duty there until May 23. March to Richmond, Va., thence to Washington, D.C., May 23-June 3. Corps Review June 8. Mustered out July 17, 1865. Regiment lost during service 11 Officers and 171 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 72 Enlisted men by disease. Total 255.
Pennsylvania at Gettysburg
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