The Seventy Sixth New York Infantry is honored by a monument and a position stone at Gettysburg.
About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? July 1, 1888.
What is it made out of? Sculpture: Quincy granite with bronze relief; Base: granite.
What size is it? Sculpture: approx. H. 14 ft.; Base: approx. W. 6 ft. 9 in. x D. 6 ft. 9 in.
Who made it? Frederick & Field, fabricator.
What does it depict? Vertical, rectangular marker with apexed cap, topped with a disk insignia bearing the number 76, stands on a rough-hewn base. There a round State Seal relief on the sloped plinth in the front. The monument is a smooth granite shaft with polished raised inscriptions and apex top with encircled number on a rough hewn base 6.9 foot square with an overall height of fourteen foot. The flanking markers have slanted tops and are one foot square.
What does it honor? The monument indicates the position first held by the 76th New York Infantry at about 10:30 A.M. July 1, 1863. The unit was flanked and forced to retire, then later advanced and held the position until the general retreat of the 1st Corps.
How is it inscribed? FIRE OPENED HERE/JULY 1ST 1863/AT 10 A.M./SECOND STAND AT/R.R. CUT/THIRD/AT CULP’S HILL/JULY 2D AND 3D.
When was this photograph taken? September 19, 2009.
Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, North Reynolds Avenue, near intersection of Buford and Wadsworth Avenues, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325. It is located on the north extreme of the east side of Reynolds Avenue at McPherson Ridge.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? Yes.
Has this monument been moved or changed? This monument has not been moved or materially altered.
Secondary Monuments and Markers
Photographed: September 20, 2009.
Location: Culp’s Hill summit. This monument is denoted on the map above by a RED pushpin.
Description: Small stone position marker denotes the location of the 76th New York on Culp’s Hill during the July 2 and 3 battles. The position marker has a polished inscription on the west and top.
The 76th New York Infantry was also known as Cortland County Regiment. During the battle of Gettysburg, it served as a member of Cutler’s Brigade in Wadsworth’s Division of the First Corps, Army of the Potomac. A Fighting 300 Regiment.
Commander: Maj. Andrew J. Grover (1830-1863). Mexican War veteran. Became a Methodist Minister with a church in Cortlandville. Wounded at Second Manassas and killed on July 1 at Gettysburg.
Number Engaged: 375
Casualties: 32 killed, 132 wounded, 70 missing
Officers Killed at Gettysburg:
- Major Andrew J. Grover, of West Dryden, killed on July 1
- 1st Lieutenant Philip Keeler, Company E, of Albany, mortally wounded on July 1
- 2nd Lieutenant Robert G. Noxon, Company F, mortally wounded on July 1
- Capt. Robert Story, Company B, 35, of Cherry Valley, mortally wounded on July 1
Soldiers Buried in the New York Plot of the Gettysburg National Cemetery:
- Pvt. Francis A. Chapman, Company K, B-103 or D-35
- Cpl. Amos N. Cogswell, Company F, C-36
- Pvt. William H. Cranston, Company A, B-1
- Pvt. John M. Dawson, Company H, B-125
- Pvt. Charles A. Hyde, Company B, B-108
- Pvt. George W. Lamphear, Company E, B-101
- Pvt. David Lynes, Company I, B-105
- Pvt. William L. Pooler, Company G, A-138
- Pvt. Samuel G. Spencer, Company D, B-124
- Pvt. Louis Torango, Company E, A-119
- Pvt. John Wood, Company B, A-20
After Action Report: After Action Report of Capt. John E. Cook (1829-1899) (will open a pop up window).
Raised: Albany, Cortland, and Ostego counties.
Regimental History ~ Dyer’s Compendium of the War of the Rebellion:
Organized at Courtland and Albany, N.Y., and mustered in January 16, 1862. Left State for Washington, D.C., January 17, 1862. Attached to 3rd Brigade, Casey’s Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Wadsworth’s Command, Military District of Washington, to May, 1862. Doubleday’s Brigade, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to June, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Corps, Pope’s Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to January, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, to March, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, to March, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 5th Army Corps, to August, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, to September, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, to January, 1865.
SERVICE.–Duty in the Defenses of Washington D.C., until May, 1862. Duty at and near Fredericksburg, Va., until August. Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Fords of the Rappahannock August 20-23. Battles of Gainesville August 2 Groveton August 29, Bull Run August 30. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battles of South Mountain September 14; Antietam September 16-17. At Sharpsburg, Md., until October 29. Advance to Falmouth, Va., October 29-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. “Mud March” January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth and Belle Plains until April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Operations at Pollock’s Mill Creek April 29-May 2. Battle of Chancellorsville May 2-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va., July 5-24. Duty on line of the Rappahannock until October. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7, 1864. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James River May 3-June 15. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Laurel Hill May 8; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Jericho Ford May 23. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to January 28, 1865. Weldon Railroad August 18-21, 1864. Poplar Springs Church September 29-October 2. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run, October 27-28. Hicksford Raid December 7-11. Companies mustered out as follows: Companies “B,” “F” and “K” July 1, 1864; Company “A” October 11; Company “G” October 20; Company “C” November 8; Company “E” November 18; Company “I” December 1, 1864; Company “H” January 1, 1865; Company “D” and Veterans and Recruits transferred to 147th Regiment, New York Infantry, January 28, 1865. Regiment lost during service 12 Officers and 161 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 156 Enlisted men by disease. Total 330.
New York at Gettysburg
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