About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? 1888.
What is it made out of? Sculpture: Westerly granite with bronze elements; Base: granite.
What size is it? Sculpture: approx. H. 14 ft.; Base: approx. W. 6 ft. x D. 6 ft.
Who made it? Smith Granite Company, fabricator.
What does it depict? Obelisk stands on tapered pedestal and tiered, rough-hewn base. Three upright, crossed muskets with bayonets are affixed to the front of the obelisk. The 1st Corps disk insignia is above the muskets. A round New York state seal relief is affixed to the front of the pedestal. A granite relief of a draped flag adorns the right and back sides of the pedestal. The flanking markers are one foot square.
What does it honor? Monument indicates the position held by the 94th New York Infantry on the afternoon of July 1, 1863 until forced to retreat by Confederate pressure. This position was held by 94th New York Infantry on afternoon of July 1, 1863 after moving from Sheads Woods by order of Major-General Robinson.
How is it inscribed? DULCE ET DECORUM/EST PRO PATRIA MORI
When was this photograph taken? May 4, 2010.
Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, Doubleday Avenue at Oak Ridge, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325. It is located as the southernmost monument on Doubleday Avenue.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? Yes.
Has this monument been moved or changed? This monument has not been moved or materially altered.
The 94th New York Infantry was also known as Belle Jefferson Rifles. During the battle of Gettysburg, it served as a member of Paul’s Brigade in Robinson’s Division of the First Corps, Army of the Potomac.
Commander: Col. Adrian R. Root (1833-1899). Provision dealer from Buffalo. Wounded at Second Manassas and on July 1.
Number Engaged: 445
Casualties: 12 killed, 58 wounded, 175 missing
Soldiers Buried in the New York Plot of the Gettysburg National Cemetery:
- Pvt. Charles E. Day, Company D, C-86 (Disease)
- Sgt. Samuel Fuller, Company G, E-18
- Pvt. John Glair, Jr., Company D, C-88
- Pvt. Homer Hankinson, Company I, E-50
- Pvt. James L. Hennessy, Company F, A-22
- Sgt. William McKendrey, Company E, B-104
- Sgt. Henry Sanders, Company C, C-93
- Sgt. John Stratton, Company A, B-106
After Action Report: After Action Report of Maj. Samuel A. Moffett (1836-1917) (will open a pop up window).
Raised: Jefferson County. The 94th was formed from a consolidation of the 94th and 105th Regiments.
Regimental History ~ Dyer’s Compendium of the War of the Rebellion:
Organized at Sackett’s Harbor, N.Y., and mustered in March 10, 1862. Left State for Washington, D.C., March 18, 1862. Attached to Wadsworth’s Command, Military District of Washington, D.C., to May, 1862. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to June, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Pope’s Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to December, 1862. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 1st Army Corps, to May, 1863. Provost Guard, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 1st Army Corps, to December, 1863. District of Annapolis, Md., 8th Army Corps, Middle Dept., to May, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May 30, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, to June 6, 1864. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, to June 11. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, to September. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, to October, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, to November, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, to July, 1865.
SERVICE.–Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C., until May, 1862. Moved to Fredericksburg, Va., and duty there until May 25. Expedition to Front Royal May 25-June 18. Duty at Manassas, Warrenton and Culpeper, Va., until August. Battle of Cedar Mountain August 9. Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Fords of the Rappahannock August 20-23. Thoroughfare Gap August 28. Battles of Groveton August 29; Bull Run August 30; Chantilly September 1. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battles of South Mountain September 14; Antietam September 16-17. Duty at Sharpsburg, Md., until October 30. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. At Falmouth and Belle Plains until April 27, 1863. “Mud March” January 20-24. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Operations at Fitzhugh’s Crossing April 29-May 2. Battle of Chancellorsville May 2-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va., July 5-24. Duty on line of the Rappahannock and Rapidan until October. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Duty in the District of Annapolis, Md., until May, 1864. Rapidan Campaign May 26-June 15. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12, Bethesda Church June 1-3. White Oak Swamp June 13. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30, 1864 (Reserve). Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Reconnaissance toward Dinwiddie Court House September 15. Warren’s Raid on Weldon Railroad December 7-12. Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run, February 5-7, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Lewis Farm, near Gravelly Run, March 29. White Oak Road March 31. Five Forks April 1. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Moved to Washington, D.C., May 1-12. Grand Review May 23. Duty in the Defenses of Washington until July. Mustered out July 18, 1865. Regiment lost during service 5 Officers and 105 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 137 Enlisted men by disease. Total 247.
New York at Gettysburg
New York Infantry 10th Infantry :: 12th Infantry :: 33rd Infantry :: 39th Infantry :: 40th Infantry :: 41st Infantry :: 42nd Infantry :: 43rd Infantry :: 44th Infantry :: 45th Infantry :: 49th Infantry :: 52nd Infantry :: 54th Infantry :: 57th Infantry :: 58th Infantry :: 59th Infantry :: 60th Infantry :: 61st Infantry :: 62nd Infantry :: 63rd Infantry :: 64th Infantry :: 65th Infantry :: 66th Infantry :: 67th Infantry :: 68th Infantry :: 69th Infantry :: 70th Infantry :: 71st Infantry :: 72nd Infantry :: 73rd Infantry :: 74th Infantry :: 76th Infantry :: 77th Infantry :: 78th Infantry :: 80th Infantry :: 82nd Infantry :: 83rd Infantry :: 84th Infantry :: 86th Infantry :: 88th Infantry :: 94th Infantry :: 95th Infantry :: 97th Infantry :: 102nd Infantry :: 104th Infantry :: 107th Infantry :: 108th Infantry :: 111th Infantry :: 119th Infantry :: 120th Infantry :: 121st Infantry :: 122nd Infantry :: 123rd Infantry :: 124th Infantry :: 125th Infantry :: 126th Infantry :: 134th Infantry :: 136th Infantry :: 137th Infantry :: 140th Infantry :: 145th Infantry :: 146th Infantry :: 147th Infantry :: 149th Infantry :: 150th Infantry :: 154th Infantry :: 157th Infantry :: New York Cavalry :: 2nd Regiment :: 4th Regiment :: 5th Regiment :: 6th Regiment :: 8th Regiment :: 9th Regiment :: 10th Regiment :: Oneida Company :: New York Artillery :: 1st Artillery B (14th attached) :: 1st Artillery C :: 1st Artillery D :: 1st Artillery G :: 1st Artillery I :: 1st Artillery K (11th attached) :: 1st Artillery E&L :: 1st Artillery M :: 1st Independent :: 3rd Independent :: 4th Independent :: 5th Independent :: 6th Independent :: 10th Independent :: 13th Independent :: 15th Independent