The Twenty Fifth and Seventy Fifth Ohio Infantry Regiments are honored by two monuments, one on Barlow’s Knoll and one on East Cemetery Hill, at Gettysburg.
About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? Sept. 14, 1887.
What is it made out of? Sculpture: granite; Base: granite.
What size is it? Sculpture: approx. 13 ft. 7 in. x 3 ft. 4 in. x 3 ft. 4 in.; Base: approx. W. 6 ft. 10 in. x D. 6 ft. 10 in.
Who made it? Fox, Thomas, sculptor.
What does it depict? Marker on a low base is topped with a draped Union flag. Monument is a smooth faced granite shaft with an apex top of a carved flag and set on a 6.10 foot square rough hewn base. The shaft has incised inscriptions on three sides. Overall height is 13.7 feet. Flanking markers for the 75th Infantry are 2×1.4 foot with a slant faced and the markers for the 25th Infantry are gable topped.
What does it honor? It marks the location where the 25th & 75th Ohio Infantry were located when they were hit by Hay’s Confederates after dark on July 2, 1863.
How is it inscribed? AFTER A SEVERE BATTLE/IN THE OPEN FIELDS BEYOND/GETTYSBURG ON JULY 1, 1863,/THE 11TH CORPS WITHDREW TO/CEMETERY HILL, AND AT DARK/ON JULY 2 THIS POSITION WAS/HELD BY THE 25TH & 75TH OHIO/INFANTRY WHEN EARLY’S CONFED-/ERATE DIVISION ASSAULTED THIS/HILL AND BROKE THE UNION LINE/TO THE RIGHT, BUT WAS REPULS-/ED AFTER A DESPERATE HAND/TO HAND CONFLICT.
When was this photograph taken? February 26, 2012.
Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, Wainwright Avenue, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325. Located at the base of East Cemetery Hill along Wainwright Avenue and beside Coster’s Brigade stone wall.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? No.
Has this monument been moved or changed? This monument has not been moved or materially altered.
Secondary Monuments and Markers
Photographed: September 18, 2009.
Location: Barlow’s Knoll. Located on the east side of Howard Avenue at Barlow Knoll. This monument is denoted on the map above by a RED pushpin.
Description: Also dedicated in 1887. Rectangular marker has an apexed cap and the 11th Corps crescent insignia in relief on the upper front and rear sides. Base is 8×5.1 foot. An inscription is on the north face and incised on the polished face of the other three sides. Overall height is 5.9 foot. The monument marks the position of the regiments on July 1, 1863. Supported Wilkeson’s Battery. Cannonaded by Jones’ Battalion & Reese’s Battery & engaged Gordon’s Georgia Brigade.
Inscription: 25TH AND 75TH/OHIO INFANTRY/2ND BRIGADE 1ST DIVISION 11TH CORPS/THIS MONUMENT MARKS THE LEFT FLANK OF/THE 25TH AND THE RIGHT FLANK OF THE 75TH/OHIO INFANTRY, JULY 1, 1863
Commander: 25th: Lt. Col. Jeremiah Williams (1832-1915); 75th: Col. Andrew L. Harris (1835-1915). Williams was an editor from Woodsfield. He was captured on July 1 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery. Harris was a law student in Eaton when the War began. Wounded at McDowell; post-war member of state legislature and governor of Ohio.
Number Engaged: 25th: 280; 75th: 285
Casualties: 25th: 9 killed, 100 wounded, 75 missing; 75th: 16 killed, 74 wounded, 96 missing
25th Infantry ~ Officers Killed at Gettysburg:
- 2nd Lieutenant Lewis E. Wilson, Company K, killed on July 1, aged 18
Soldiers Buried in the Ohio Plot of the Gettysburg National Cemetery:
- Cpl. Joseph W. Cunningham, Company I, D-4
- Cpl. Thomas Dunn, Company K, E-1
- Pvt. Hiram H. Hughes, Company H, E-17
- Sgt. Charles Ladd, Company E, D-1
- Cpl. Edward T. Lovette, Company I, B-1
- Pvt. William Miller, Company G, C-24
- Sgt. John W. Pierce, Company C, E-16
75th Infantry ~ Officers Killed at Gettysburg:
- Capt. Mahlon B. Briggs, Company D, mortally wounded on July 1, aged 22
- Capt. James C. Mulharen, Company C, aged 21, killed on July 2
- 1st Lieut. Thomas Wheeler, Company A, killed on July 1, aged 23
Soldiers Buried in the Ohio Plot of the Gettysburg National Cemetery:
- Pvt. Samuel P. Baughman, Company C, E-19
- Pvt. Jeremiah W. Crubaugh, Company C, A-23
- Pvt. John Davis, Company K, D-8
- Pvt. Lewis Davis, Company D, E-15
- Cpl. James Goodspeed, Company D, C-23
- Pvt. Benjamin F. Hartley, Company E, C-16
- Pvt. Johnathan Laraba, Company E, E-8
- Pvt. John C. Owens, Company G, D-20
- Pvt. Wesley Raikes, Company G, E-18
- Pvt. George Richards, Company D, D-7
- Sgt. Philip Shiplin, Company F, D-8
- Pvt. Perry Taylor, Company G, E-9
After Action Report: After Action Report of the 25th and 75th Ohio Regiments (will open a pop up window).
Raised: The 25th was raised from the counties of Belmont, Lucas, Monroe, Morgan, Noble, and Sandusky. The 75th came from the counties of Athens, Hamilton, Preble, Vinton, and Warren.
Regimental History ~ Dyer’s Compendium of the War of the Rebellion:
25th Ohio Regiment
Organized at Camp Chase, Columbus, Ohio, and mustered in June 28, 1861. Ordered to West Virginia July 29, and duty along the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad from Grafton to the Ohio River, until August 21. Attached to Cheat Mountain, District West Virginia, to November, 1861. Milroy’s Command, Cheat Mountain, District West Virginia, to April, 1862. Milroy’s Brigade, Dept. of the Mountains, to June, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 11th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to August, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Gordon’s Division, Folly Island, S.C., 10th Army Corps, Dept. of the South, to January, 1864. District of Hilton Head, S.C., 10th Army Corps, Dept. of the South, to April, 1864. District of Hilton Head, S.C., Dept. of the South, to October, 1864. 3rd Separate Brigade, Dept. of the South, to November, 1864. 1st Brigade, Coast Division, Dept. of the South, to February, 1865. 3rd Separate Brigade, Hilton Head, S. C, Dept. of the South, to March, 1865. 1st Separate Brigade, District of Charleston, S.C., Dept. of the South, to August, 1865. 4th Separate Brigade, District of Western South Carolina, Dept. of the South, to January, 1866. Dept. of the South to June, 1866.
SERVICE.–Moved to Cheat Mountain Summit, W. Va., August 21, 1861, and duty there August 25-November 25. Operations on Cheat Mountain September 11-17. Action at Cheat Mountain September 12. Greenbrier River October 3-4. Duty at Huttonsville November 25, 1861, to February 27, 1862. Expedition to Camp Baldwin December 11-13, 1861. Action at Camp Allegheny, Buffalo Mountain, December 12. Expedition to Huntersville December 31, 1861, to January 6, 1862. Duty at Beverly, Cheat Mountain, March. Expedition on the Seneca April 1-12. Action at Monterey April 12. At Staunton until May 7. Battle of McDowell May 8. March from Franklin to Strasburg May 26-June 10, pursuing Jackson up the Shenandoah Valley. Battle of Cross Keys June 8. Duty at Sperryville and Centreville, Va., until August. Battle of Cedar Mountain August 9. Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Freeman’s Ford August 22. Battle of Bull Run August 29-30. Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C., until December. Expedition from Centreville to Bristoe September 25-28. March to Fredericksburg, Va., December 10-16. “Mud March” January 20-24, 1863. At Brook’s Station until April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 22. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee, to Manassas Gap, Va., July 5-24. At Warrenton Junction July 25-August 6. Moved to Folly Island, S. C., Dept. of the South, August 6-12. Duty at Folly and Morris Islands, S.C., operating against Fort Sumpter and Charleston until January, 1864. Duty at Hilton Head, S. C., until November 23, 1864. (Veterans absent on furlough January to March, 1864. Cos. “A,” “G” and “I” at Fort Pulaski, Ga., September 25 to October 23.) Expedition against Charleston & Savannah Railroad November 28-30. Battle of Honey Hill November 30. Coosaw River December 4. Demonstration on Charleston & Savannah Railroad December 6-9. Deveaux’s Neck December 6. Occupation of Charleston February 26, 1865. Expedition toward Santee River February 28-March 10. Camp at Mt. Pleasant March 12-April 3. Potter’s Expedition to Camden, S.C., April 5-25. Dingle’s Mills April 9. Statesburg April 15. Occupation of Camden April 17. Boykins’ Mills April 18. Denkins’ Mills and Beach Creek near Statesburg April 19. Return to Mt. Pleasant April 28, thence moved to Charleston May 6 and to Columbia May 7, and garrison duty there until May 25. Duty in Fairfield, Newberry, Edgefield, Lexington and Richland Counties until April, 1866. At Summerville until May and duty on the Sea Islands until June. Ordered to Todd’s Barracks, Ohio, June 6. Mustered out June 18, 1866. Regiment lost during service 7 Officers and 151 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 119 Enlisted men by disease. Total 280.
75th Ohio Regiment
Organized at Camp McLain, Cincinnati, Ohio, November 7, 1861, to January 8, 1862. Left State for Grafton, W. Va., January 28, 1862. Attached to Milroy’s Command, Cheat Mountain, District West Virginia, to March, 1862. Milroy’s Brigade, Dept. of the Mountains, to April, 1862. Schenck’s Brigade, Dept. of the Mountains, to June, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 11th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to July, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Gordon’s Division, Folly Island, S.C., 10th Army Corps, Dept. of the South, to February, 1864. 1st Brigade, Ames’ Division, District of Florida, to April, 1864. District of Florida, Dept. of the South, to October, 1864. 4th Separate Brigade, Dept. of the South, to December. 1864. 1st Brigade, Coast Division, Dept. of the South, to January, 1865. 4th Separate Brigade, Dept. of the South, to July, 1865.
SERVICE.–March to Huttonville February 17-March 1, 1862. Expedition to Lost River Region April 1-12. Action at Monterey April 12. Battle of McDowell May 8. Retreat to Franklin May 10-12. Franklin May 29. Pursuit of Jackson to Shenandoah Valley. Strasburg and Staunton Road June 1-2. Mt. Jackson June 3. New Market June 4. Harrisonburg June 6. Battle of Cross Keys June 8. At Middletown until July 7, and at Sperryville until August 8. Reconnaissance to Madison Court House July 16-19. Battle of Cedar Mountain August 9. Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Freeman’s Ford August 22. Battle of Bull Run August 29-30. Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C., until December. Expedition from Centreville to Bristoe Station and Warrenton Junction September 25-28. March to Fredericksburg, Va., December 10-15. “Mud March” January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth until April 27. Woodstock and Cedar Run February 26. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee July 5-24. Moved to Morris Island, S.C., August 6-12. Siege operations against Fort Wagner, Morris Island, S.C., and against Fort Sumpter and Charleston August 18-September 7. Capture of Fort Wagner and Gregg, Morris Island, September 7. Moved to Folly Island, S.C., and duty there until February 22, 1864. Expedition to John’s and James’ islands February 6-14. Ordered to Jacksonville, Fla., February 22, 1864. Regiment mounted and duty in the District of Florida until December 8. Expedition from Jacksonville to Cedar Creek April 2. Cedar Run April 2. Expedition to Headwaters of the St. Johns and Kissinee Rivers April 25-May 10, destroying and capturing a large amount of stores and property. Action near Jacksonville April 28. Near Camp Finnegan May 25. Expedition from Jacksonville to Camp Milton May 31-June 3. King’s Creek, S.C., July 3 (Detachment). Raid from Jacksonville to Baldwin July 23-28. Near Trail Ridge July 25. Action at St. Mary’s Trestle July 26. Camp Baldwin August 12. Raid on Florida Railroad August 15-19. Gainesville August 17. Expedition to Enterprise September 28. Companies “A,” “B,” “C,” “D,” “F” and “G” mustered out October and November, 1864. Balance moved to Hilton Head, S.C., December 8-10. Pocotaligo Bridge, S.C., December 29. Returned to Florida January, 1865, and duty at District Headquarters, Jacksonville, and at Tallahatchie, Fla., until July. Mustered out July 15, 1865. Regiment lost during service 4 Officers and 110 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 101 Enlisted men by disease. Total 217.
Ohio at Gettysburg
4th Infantry :: 5th Infantry :: 7th Infantry :: 8th Infantry :: 25th Infantry :: 29th Infantry :: 55th Infantry :: 61st Infantry :: 66th Infantry :: 73rd Infantry :: 75th Infantry :: 82nd Infantry :: 107th Infantry :: 1st Cavalry :: 6th Cavalry :: 1st Artillery H :: 1st Artillery I :: 1st Artillery K :: 1st Artillery L