The Twenty First Pennsylvania Cavalry is honored by two monuments at Gettysburg, one denoting where Sandoe was killed, the other to the regiment.
About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? Oct. 5, 1893. Erected Nov. 22-28, 1893.
What is it made out of? Sculpture: granite with bronze reliefs; Base: granite.
What size is it? Sculpture: approx. 9 ft. x 3 ft. 2 in. x 3 ft. 2 in.; Base: approx. W. 5 ft. x D. 5 ft.
Who made it? Elwell, Frank Edwin, 1858-1922, sculptor. John Ferguson (Firm), fabricator.
What does it depict? Monument consists of a polished sphere finial to which is affixed a high relief of a horse’s head. The finial stands on a tiered pedestal and base. A square relief of the Pennsylvania State Seal is affixed to the front face.
What does it honor? Monument indicates the spot where Private George Sandoe of the 21st Pennsylvania Cavalry was killed on June 26, 1863, making the first Union soldier killed at Gettysburg.
How is it inscribed? 21ST PENNA/CAVALRY/NEAR THIS SPOT ON JUNE 26TH 1863 FELL/PRIVATE GEORGE W. SANDOE/AN ADVANCE SCOUT OF A COMPANY OF VOLUNTEER CAVALRY/AFTERWARDS CO. B 21ST PENNSYLVANIA CAVALRY/THE FIRST UNION SOLDIER KILLED AT GETTYSBURG
When was this photograph taken? December 10, 2011.
Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, East side of Baltimore Pike, north of Granite Schoolhouse Lane, south of Colgrove Avenue, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? No.
Has this monument been moved or changed? This monument has not been moved or materially altered.
Secondary Monuments and Markers
Photographed: December 10, 2011.
Location: Baltimore Pike. Monument is located literally yards away from the main regimental monument and is marked on the map above by a RED pushpin.
Description: Vertical, rectangular marker with a triangular top stands on a base. A relief on the front depicts a horse’s head inside a downturned horseshoe. There are crossed sabers below the horse. Dedicated Oct. 14, 1894. This is the second monument to the 21st Pennsylvania Cavalry. It was erected by surviving members of the regiment and funded through private donations. It stands near where Private George Sandoe was killed on June 26, 1863, in an early skirmish of the Gettysburg campaign.
The 21st Pennsylvania Cavalry served as a member of the Department of the Susquehanna.
Commander: Colonel William H. Boyd
Raised: The Twenty-first Cavalry was recruited during the months of July and August, 1863, by authority of Governor Curtin, under the President’s call of June 15th, for cavalry for six months’ service. Company B was raised from Adams County.
Regimental History ~ Dyer’s Compendium of the War of the Rebellion:
The original 21st Cavalry as organized at Harrisburg and Chambersburg June 28-August 1, 1863, for six months. Companies “C,” “E,” “H,” “K,” “L,” “M,” duty at Pottsville, Pa., and Scranton, Pa., and Company “B” at Gettysburg, Pa. Companies “A,” “D,” “F,” “G” and “I” ordered to Harper’s Ferry, W. Va., August 23, 1863. Attached to Cavalry Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. West Virginia, to February, 1864. Duty about Harper’s Ferry, W. Va. Expedition from Charlestown to New Market November 15-18 (Detachment). Mount Jackson November 16. Wells’ demonstration from Harper’s Ferry December 10-21. Skirmish at Winchester January 3, 1864. Mustered out February 20, 1864. The 21st was organized as a 3-year unit at Harrisburg February, 1864. (Co. “D” detached April 1, 1864, and duty at Scranton, Pa., entire term.) Regiment moved to Washington, D. C., May 15, 1864, thence to Join Army Potomac in the field, arriving at Cold Harbor, Va., June 1. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to September, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Corps, to October, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry corps, Army Potomac, to March, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, to July, 1865. Regiment lost during service 4 Officers and 80 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 116 Enlisted men by disease. Total 202.
Pennsylvania at Gettysburg
1st Reserve :: 2nd Reserve :: 5th Reserve :: 6th Reserve :: 9th Reserve :: 10th Reserve :: 11th Reserve :: 12th Reserve :: 13th Reserve :: 11th Infantry :: 23rd Infantry :: 26th Infantry :: 26th Emergency :: 27th Infantry :: 28th Infantry :: 29th Infantry :: 46th Infantry :: 49th Infantry :: 53rd Infantry :: 56th Infantry :: 57th Infantry :: 61st Infantry :: 62nd Infantry :: 63rd Infantry :: 68th Infantry :: 69th Infantry :: 71st Infantry :: 72nd Infantry :: 73rd Infantry :: 74th Infantry :: 75th Infantry :: 81st Infantry :: 82nd Infantry :: 83rd Infantry :: 84th Infantry :: 88th Infantry :: 90th Infantry :: 91st Infantry :: 93rd Infantry :: 95th Infantry :: 96th Infantry :: 98th Infantry :: 99th Infantry :: 102nd Infantry :: 105th Infantry :: 106th Infantry :: 107th Infantry :: 109th Infantry :: 110th Infantry :: 111th Infantry :: 114th Infantry :: 115th Infantry :: 116th Infantry :: 118th Infantry :: 119th Infantry :: 121st Infantry :: 139th Infantry :: 140th Infantry :: 141st Infantry :: 142nd Infantry :: 143rd Infantry :: 145th Infantry :: 147th Infantry :: 148th Infantry :: 149th Infantry :: 150th Infantry :: 151st Infantry :: 153rd Infantry :: 155th Infantry :: Cavalry :: 1st Regiment :: 2nd Regiment :: 3rd Regiment :: 4th Regiment :: 6th Regiment :: 8th Regiment :: 16th Regiment :: 17th Regiment :: 18th Regiment :: 21st Regiment :: Artillery :: 1st Artillery B :: 1st Artillery F&G :: 3rd Artillery H :: Independent C&F :: Independent E