About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? Erected between 1907 and 1908.
What is it made out of? Foundation: Concrete. Monument: Polished red Jonesboro Granite. Plaque: Bronze.
What size is it? 24 by 50 inches and 7 feet high.
Who made it? Van Armitage Granite Company
What does it depict? One of 45 monuments erected to units of the United States regular army on the battlefield. A red polished Jonesboro granite monolith that is set upon a concrete foundation with a descriptive 3’6′x3’7′ bronze tablet with the coat of arms of the United States in bronze.
What does it honor? Locates position occupied by Pennington’s Battery during Battle of Gettysburg, July 3, 1863.
How is it inscribed? This monument is inscribed as follows,
ARMY OF THE POTOMAC
FIRST BRIGADE HORSE ARTILLERY
BATTERY M SECOND U. S. ARTILLERY
Six 3 Inch Rifles
Lieut. A. C. M. Pennington Commanding
July 2. Engaged with the Confederates at Hunterstown.
July 3. Engaged in Brig. General Custer’s Brigade with Major General J. E. B. Stuart’s Confederate Cavalry on the right of the Union Army.
Casualties Wounded 1 Officer
When was this photograph taken? May 30, 2009.
Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325. Located East Cavalry Field east side of U.S. Cavalry Avenue.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? No.
Has this monument been moved or changed? This monument has not been moved or materially altered.
The 2nd United States Artillery, Battery M was also known as Hartstuff’s Battery. During the battle of Gettysburg, it served as a member of Robertson’s Brigade in the Pleasanton’s Corps, Army of the Potomac.
Commander: Lt. Alexander Pennington (1838-1917). Native of Newark, New Jersesy; USMA 1860. Wounded November 2, 1862. Stayed in regular army and eventually retired a brigadier general.
Number Engaged: 6 Ordnance Rifles and 126 men
Casualties: 1 wounded
Regimental History ~ Dyer’s Compendium of the War of the Rebellion:
In Texas January, 1861. Moved to New York April, 1861; thence to Fort Pickens, Fla. Ordered to Washington, D.C., June, 1861. Attached to Richardson’s Brigade, Tyler’s Division, McDowell’s Army, Northeast Virginia, to August, 1861. Franklin’s Brigade, Division of the Potomac, to October, 1861. Franklin’s Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1862. 1st Brigade, Horse Artillery, Artillery Reserve, 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to September, 1862. Artillery, Pleasanton’s Cavalry Division, Army of the Potomac, to February, 1863. Reserve Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1863. 1st Brigade, Horse Artillery, Army of the Potomac, to August, 1864. Horse Artillery, Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to December, 1864. Reserve Horse Artillery, Army of the Shenandoah, to April, 1865. Horse Artillery Brigade, 22nd Army Corps, to August, 1865.
SERVICE.–Advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21, 1861. Occupation of Fairfax Court House July 17. Battle of Bull Run July 21. Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C., until March, 1862. Moved to the Virginia Peninsula. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Near Williamsburg May 4. Hanover Court House May 27. Operations about Hanover Court House May 27-29. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison’s Landing until August 16. Action at Malvern Hill August 5. Moved to Fortress Monroe, thence to Alexandria August 16-23. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Poolesville, Md., September 7. Barnesville September 9. Monocacy Church September 9. Sugar Loaf Mountain September 10-11. Frederick September 12. Catoctin Mountain September 13. Antietam September 16-17. Shepherdstown Ford September 19. Shepherdstown and Martinsburg October 1. Pursuit of Stuart into Pennsylvania October 9-12. Mouth of Monocacy and White’s Ford October 12. Philomont November 1. Union, Bloomfield and Upperville November 2-3. Barbee’s Cross Roads November 5. Waterloo Bridge November 7. Corbin’s Cross Roads, near Amissville, November 10. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Stevensburg May 9. Brandy Station or Fleetwood and Beverly Ford June 9. Upperville June 21. Hanover, Pa., June 30. Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Hunterstown July 2. Smithburg July 5. Williamsport and Hagerstown July 6. Boonsboro July 8. Hagerstown July 12-13. Williamsport and Falling Waters July 14. Advance to the Rapidan September 13-17. Reconnaissance across the Rapidan September 21-23. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. James City October 10. Bethesda Church and near Culpeper October 10. Morton’s Ford October 11. Near Warrenton, White Sulphur Springs, November 11. Brandy Station October 11. Groveton October 17-18. Gainesville, Buckland’s Mills and Catlett’s Station October 19. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Morton’s Ford November 26. Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 12, 1864. Todd’s Tavern May 5-6. Wilderness May 6-7. Alsop’s Farm May 8. Sheridan’s Raid to the James River May 9-24. Beaver Dam Station May 9-10. Ground Squirrel Church and Yellow Tavern May 11. Brook Church or Richmond fortifications May 12. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Demonstration on Little River May 27. Hanovertown May 27. Haw’s Shop May 28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-7. Sheridan’s Trevillian Raid June 7-24. Trevillian Station June 11-12. Mallory’s Cross Roads June 12. Black Creek or Tunstall Station and White House or St. Peter’s Church June 21. Siege of Petersburg June 29-August 5. Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Winchester August 17. Near Kearneysville August 25. Abraham’s Creek, near Winchester, September 18. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Near Cedarville September 20. Front Royal September 21. Milford September 22. Waynesboro September 29. Tom’s Brook October 8-9. Expedition to Lacey’s Springs December 19-22. Sheridan’s Expedition from Winchester February 27-March 25, 1865. Occupation of Staunton and action at Waynesboro March 2. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 12. Dinwiddie Court House March 30-31. Five Forks April 1. Moved to Washington, D.C., and duty there until August. Moved to Fort McHenry, Baltimore, Md. 2nd Regiment of Artillery lost during service 5 Officers and 50 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 118 Enlisted men by disease. Total 174.
United States Regular Army at Gettysburg
Infantry Units :: 2nd Infantry :: 3rd Infantry :: 4th Infantry :: 6th Infantry :: 7th Infantry :: 8th Infantry :: 10th Infantry :: 11th Infantry :: 12th Infantry :: 14th Infantry :: 17th Infantry :: Artillery Units :: 1st Artillery E&G :: 1st Artillery H :: 1st Artillery I :: 1st Artillery K :: 2nd Artillery A :: 2nd Artillery D :: 2nd Artillery G :: 2nd Artillery B&L :: 2nd Artillery M :: 3rd Artillery C :: 3rd Artillery F&K :: 4th Artillery A :: 4th Artillery B :: 4th Artillery C :: 4th Artillery E :: 4th Artillery F :: 4th Artillery G :: 4th Artillery K :: 5th Artillery C :: 5th Artillery D :: 5th Artillery F :: 5th Artillery I :: 5th Artillery K :: Cavalry Units :: 1st Cavalry :: 2nd Cavalry :: 5th Cavalry :: 6th Cavalry :: Other Units :: Engineer Battalion :: Signal Corps