The 1st Corps, 2nd Division was also known as Robinson’s Division. During the battle of Gettysburg, it served as a member of the First Corps in the Army of the Potomac.
About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? Erected circa 1910.
What is it made out of? Foundation: Concrete. Monument: Granite. Plaque: Bronze.
What size is it? Seven foot tall monolith.
Who made it? Albert Russell & Sons Co. of Newburyport, Massachusetts. Erected by the United States War Department.
What does it depict? Monuments are rough-hewn monoliths, 4’2?x2?x7?H, consisting of Winnsboro, South Carolina granite. Bronze inscription tablet, 3’8?x3’6-3/4?, is affixed to the polished face of the monolith. Corps insignia, a bronze full moon, is excised & polished at top of tablet.
What does it honor? One of 22 Union division monuments that describe the movements and itinerary of each division of the Army of the Potomac. Designed by E. B. Cope.
How is it inscribed? The monument reads,
ARMY OF THE POTOMAC
Brig. General John C. Robinson
First Brigade Brig. Gen. Gabriel Paul
Col. S. H. Leonard
Col. Adrian R. Root
Col. Peter Lyle
Col. R. Coulter
Second Brigade Brig. General H. Baxter
July 1. Arrived at the Seminary about noon hotly engaged on the right and right centre from about 2 P. M. until 4 P. M. when on the advance of Rodes’s Confederate Division against the front and flanks the Division by order the Commanding General retired with the Corps through Gettysburg to Cemetery Hill on the left of the cemetery parallel to Emmitsburg Road.
July 2. Relieved about noon by Third Division Second Corps and placed in reserve and thereafter sent to support of the Third Eleventh and Second Corps at different times and places.
July 3. At daylight moved to the support of batteries on Cemetery Hill. At 9 A. M. sent to the support of Twelfth Corps and at 3 P M. took position on the right of Second Corps and remained until the close of the battle.
Casualties Killed 9 Officers 82 Men Wounded 68 Officers 548 Men Captured or Missing 52 Officers 931 Men Total 1690
When was this photograph taken? June 16, 2012.
Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325. Located on South side of Robinson Avenue at curve.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? Yes.
Has this monument been moved or changed? This monument has not been moved or materially altered.
Commander: Brig. Gen. John Cleveland Robinson (April 10, 1817 – February 18, 1897) had a long and distinguished career in the United States Army, fighting in numerous wars and culminating his career as a Union Army major general in the American Civil War. He was a recipient of the Medal of Honor for valor in action in 1864 near Spotsylvania Courthouse, Virginia, where he lost a leg. After the war, he was elected as Lieutenant Governor of New York and served two terms as the president of the Grand Army of the Republic. More about this officer.
After Action Report: After Action Report of Brig. Gen. John C. Robinson (will open a pop up window).