The 11th Corps, 3rd Division was also known as Schurz’s Division. During the battle of Gettysburg, it served as a member of the Eleventh Corps in the Army of the Potomac.
About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? Erected circa 1910.
What is it made out of? Foundation: Concrete. Monument: Granite. Plaque: Bronze.
What size is it? Seven foot tall monolith.
Who made it? Albert Russell & Sons Co. of Newburyport, Massachusetts. Erected by the United States War Department.
What does it depict? Monuments are rough-hewn monoliths, 4’2?x2?x7?H, consisting of Winnsboro, South Carolina granite. Bronze inscription tablet, 3’8?x3’6-3/4?, is affixed to the polished face of the monolith. Corps insignia, a bronze Maltese Cross, is excised & polished at top of tablet. Polished, excised Crescent Moon Corps insignia centered above tablet.
What does it honor? One of 22 Union division monuments that describe the movements and itinerary of each division of the Army of the Potomac. Designed by E. B. Cope.
How is it inscribed? The monument reads,
ARMY OF THE POTOMAC
Major General Carl Schurz
First Brigade Brig. Gen. Alex Schimmelfennig
Col. George Von Amsberg
Second Brigade Col. W. Krzyzanowski
July 1. Arrived about noon and advanced to connect with the right of First Corps. The First Division on the right but was repulsed by a strong artillery and infantry fire from Rodes’s Division Ewell’s Corps. Engaged until past 4 P. M. and then retreated through the town to Cemetery Hill bringing up the rear of the Corps and took position behind stone walls with the First Division on right and Second or left. Skirmishers in houses 300 to 500 yards front.
July 2. In position in two lines behind stone walls of the cemetery. At 7 P. M. the First Brigade was sent to support the First Division on right. One regiment remained there four regiments went further to the right and assisted in repelling at 9 P M. an attack made through woods on First Corps. Between 8 and 9 P. M. an attack on East Cemetery Hill was made by Hays’s Louisiana Brigade and a detachment from Second Brigade was hastened to the point of attack and after a short and vigorous hand to hand conflict the attack was repulsed..
July 3. Not engaged except skirmishing.
July 4. Detachment from Division entered town and captured over 300 Confederates left on the retreat of their forces.
Casualties Killed 20 Officers 113 Men Wounded 56 Officers 628 Men Captured or Missing 33 Officers 626 Men Total 1476
When was this photograph taken? June 6, 2010.
Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325. Located south side of West Howard Avenue, east of Mummasburg Road.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? Located on extended tour route that includes Barlow’s Knoll.
Has this monument been moved or changed? This monument has not been moved or materially altered.
Commander: Maj. Gen. Carl Schurz (March 2, 1829 – May 14, 1906) was a German revolutionary, American statesman and reformer, and Union Army General in the American Civil War. He was also an accomplished journalist, newspaper editor and noted orator, who in 1869 became the first German-born American elected to the United States Senate. More about this officer.
After Action Report: After Action Report of Maj. Gen. Carl Schurz (will open a pop up window).