The 2nd Corps, 3rd Division, 1st Brigade was also known as Carroll’s Brigade. During the battle of Gettysburg, it served as a member of Alexander Hays’ Division in the Second Corps, Army of the Potomac.
About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? Erected circa 1912.
What is it made out of? Foundation: Concrete. Monument: Polished smooth sea-green granite. Plaque: Bronze.
What size is it? 36′ by 36′ base. Weight: 300 Pounds. Height 5’4″. Tablet measures 4 feet by 3 feet 8 inches.
Who made it? Albert Russell & Sons Co. of Newburyport, Massachusetts. Erected by the United States War Department.
What does it depict? Monolith consisting of polished smooth sea-green granite pedestal with a square base. Base tapers to a smaller dimension at the tablet. On each pedestal is mounted a bronze inscription tablet describing the movements and actions of the unit.
What does it honor? One of 74 Union brigade monuments erected at Gettysburg by the United States War Department to describe the movements and itinerary of each Union brigade of the Army of the Potomac. The monuments were designed by E.B. Cope. Many of the inscription tablets were made of bronze melted down from Civil War cannons.
How is it inscribed? The monument reads,
ARMY OF THE POTOMAC
SECOND CORPS THIRD DIVISION
Col. Samuel S. Carroll
14th Indiana 4th 8th Ohio
7th West Virginia Infantry
July 2. Took position in the morning on right of Corps on Cemetery Ridge between the Cemetery and Battery I 1 st U. S. in Ziegler’s Grove. In the afternoon the 8th Ohio was sent on the skirmish line and remained until the close of the battle. At 7 P. M. the remainder of the Brigade occupied the place on the left made vacant by the Third Brigade going to the support of Third Corps for a short time. At dark the Brigade went to relief of Eleventh Corps and was hotly engaged in support of Batteries on East Cemetery Hill until after 10 P. M.
July 3. Sharp skirmishing continued through the day the Brigade was subjected to an annoying sharpshooters fire from the houses in the town and a cross fire from artillery from the north east and west. The 8th Ohio assisted in the repulse of Longstreet’s assault. The Brigade captured 252 prisoners and 4 stand of colors.
Casualties Killed 3 Officers 35 Men Wounded 15 Officers 151 Men Captured or Missing 7 Men Total 211
When was this photograph taken? December 11, 2011.
Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325. Located east side of Baltimore Pike at East Cemetery Hill.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? Monument is included on the extended tour that includes Culp’s Hill and East Cemetery Hill.
Has this monument been moved or changed? This monument has not been changed or materially altered.
Commander: Colonel Samuel Spriggs “Red” Carroll (September 21, 1832 – January 28, 1893) was a career officer in the United States Army who rose to the rank of brigadier general during the American Civil War. The Maryland native was most known for his service as the commander of the famed “Gibraltar Brigade,” an infantry brigade in the Army of the Potomac that played a key role during the defense of Cemetery Hill during the Battle of Gettysburg, as well as in repulsing a portion of Pickett’s Charge. More about this officer.
After Action Report: After Action Report of Col. Samuel S. Carroll (will open a pop up window).