About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? Erected circa 1912.
What is it made out of? Foundation: Concrete. Monument: Polished smooth sea-green granite. Plaque: Bronze.
What size is it? 36′ by 36′ base. Weight: 300 Pounds. Height 5’4″. Tablet measures 4 feet by 3 feet 8 inches.
Who made it? Albert Russell & Sons Co. of Newburyport, Massachusetts. Erected by the United States War Department.
What does it depict? Monolith consisting of polished smooth sea-green granite pedestal with a square base. Base tapers to a smaller dimension at the tablet. On each pedestal is mounted a bronze inscription tablet describing the movements and actions of the unit.
What does it honor? One of 74 Union brigade monuments erected at Gettysburg by the United States War Department to describe the movements and itinerary of each Union brigade of the Army of the Potomac. The monuments were designed by E.B. Cope. Many of the inscription tablets were made of bronze melted down from Civil War cannons.
How is it inscribed? The monument reads,
ARMY OF THE POTOMAC
TWELFTH CORPS SECOND DIVISION
Brig. Gen. George S. Greene
60th 78th 102D 137th 149th New York Infantry
July 1. Arrived about 5 P. M. and took position on the left of the First Corps on Cemetery ridge.
July 2. At 6 A. M. took position on Culp’s Hill on the right of the First Corps with Second Brigade on right. Breastworks were constructed. At 6.30 P. M. the First and Second Brigades were ordered to follow the First Division to support the left of the Army leaving the Brigade to occupy the entire Corps line. The 137th New York was moved into the position of the Second Brigade when the line was attacked by Major Gen. Johnson’s Division which made four distinct charges and at 8 P. M. occupied the works that the First Division had vacated but were successfully repulsed from the line held by the Brigade the 137th New York having changed front to face the attack. The Brigade was reinforced by about 750 men from the First and Eleventh Corps.
July 3. At daylight Major Gen. Johnson having been reinforced advanced and a fierce engagement ensued for seven hours when after suffering great losses he was forced back from the entire line.
Casualties Killed 6 Officers 61 Men Wounded 10 Officers 202 Men Captured or Missing 1 Officer 23 Men Total 303
When was this photograph taken? April 14, 2011.
Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325. Located on North Slocum Avenue, north section.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? Located on extended tour route that includes Culp’s Hill.
Has this monument been moved or changed? This monument has not been moved or materially altered.
Commander: Brig. Gen. George Sears Greene (May 6, 1801 – January 28, 1899) was a civil engineer and a Union general during the American Civil War. He was part of the Greene family of Rhode Island, which had a distinguished military record for the United States. His greatest contribution during the war was his defense of the Union right flank at Culp’s Hill during the Battle of Gettysburg. As a civilian, he was a founder of the American Society of Civil Engineers and Architects and was responsible for numerous railroads and aqueduct construction projects in the northeastern United States. More about this officer.
After Action Report: After Action Report of Brig. Gen. George S. Greene (will open a pop up window).