Early’s Division served as a member of Ewell’s Corps in the Army of Northern Virginia.
About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? Erected circa 1907.
What is it made out of? Foundation: Concrete. Monument: Rough hewn granite. Plaque: Bronze.
What size is it? Dimensions: 4.2 feet x 2.0 feet, with an overall height of 7.0 feet.
Who made it? Designed by E.B. Cope and erected by the U.S. War Department.
What does it depict? Monument is a rock-faced granite monolith with polished face on which is affixed a bronze narrative tablet.
What does it honor? One of ten Confederate division monuments that describe the movements and itenirary of each division of the Army of Northern Virginia. The locations of the markers indicate the general location of the battle lines of the various Confederate divisions during the battle. Marks the command position of Early’s Division during Battle of Gettysburg, July 1-4, 1863.
How is it inscribed? The monument reads,
C. S. A.
ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA
SECOND ARMY CORPS
Maj. Gen. Jubal A. Early
Hays’ Brigade Brig. Gen. Harry T. Hays
Smith’s Brigade Brig. Gen. William Smith
Hoke’s Brigade Col. Isaac E. Avery
Col. A. C. Godwin
Gordon’s Brigade Brig. John B. Gordon
Four Batteries Col. H. R. Jones
July 1. The Division arrived about noon within two miles of Gettysburg by Harrisburg Road. Formed line across road north of Rock Creek. Gordon’s Brigade ordered to support of a brigade of Rodes’ Division engaged with a division of the Eleventh Corps which had advanced to a wooded hill in front of town. The remainder of the Division was ordered forward as Gordon’s Brigade was engaged. After a short and severe contest the Union troops were forced through the town losing many prisoners. Later in the day Gordon’s Brigade ordered to the York Road in support of Smith’s Brigade. Hays’ and Hoke’s Brigades occupied the town.
July 2. In the early morning Hays’ and Hoke’s Brigades took position to front and left of town. Gordon’s Brigade in reserve moved to the rear of the brigades. Smith’s Brigade remained in this position until nearly dusk when Hays’ and Hoke’s Brigades advanced on Cemetery Hill. The brigades reached the crest of hill but not being supported on the right were forced to retire. Gordon’s Brigade advanced to support the attack.
July 3. At daylight Smith’s Brigade was ordered to support of Johnson’s Division on the left. Hays’ and Hoke’s Brigades formed line in town holding the position of previous day. Gordon’s Brigade held the line of the day before. The Division not further engaged.
July 4. In the morning the Division was withdrawn to Cashtown Road to west of town.
Casualties Killed 156 Wounded 806 Missing 226 Total 1188
When was this photograph taken? February 7, 2009.
Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325. Located on East Confederate Avenue overlooking Culp’s Run, at the north end.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? No.
Has this monument been moved or changed? This monument has not been moved or materially altered.
Commander: Maj. Gen. Jubal Anderson Early (November 3, 1816 – March 2, 1894) was a lawyer and Confederate general in the American Civil War. He served under Stonewall Jackson and then Robert E. Lee for almost the entire war, rising from regimental command to lieutenant general and the command of an infantry corps in the Army of Northern Virginia. He was the Confederate commander in key battles of the Valley Campaigns of 1864, including a daring raid to the outskirts of Washington, D.C. The articles written by him for the Southern Historical Society in the 1870s established the Lost Cause point of view as a long-lasting literary and cultural phenomenon. More about this officer.
After Action Report: After Action Report of Maj. Gen. Jubal A. Early (will open a pop up window).
Ewell’s Corps, ANV at Gettysburg
EWELL’S CORPS – Early’s Division – Gordon’s Brigade – Hays’ Brigade – Hoke’s Brigade – Smith’s Brigade – Jones’ Battalion – Johnson’s Division – Jones’ Brigade – Nicholls’ Brigade – Steuart’s Brigade – Walker’s Brigade – Latimer’s Battalion – Rodes’ Division – Daniel’s Brigade – Doles’ Brigade – Iverson’s Brigade – O’Neal’s Brigade – Ramseur’s Brigade – Carter’s Battalion – Artillery Reserve – Dance’s Battalion – Nelson’s Battalion