About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? Erected circa 1912.
What is it made out of? Foundation: Concrete. Monument: Polished smooth sea-green granite. Plaque: Bronze.
What size is it? 36′ by 36′ base. Weight: 300 Pounds. Height 5’4″. Tablet measures 4 feet by 3 feet 8 inches.
Who made it? Albert Russell & Sons Co. of Newburyport, Massachusetts. Erected by the United States War Department.
What does it depict? Monolith consisting of polished smooth sea-green granite pedestal with a square base. Base tapers to a smaller dimension at the tablet. On each pedestal is mounted a bronze inscription tablet describing the movements and actions of the unit.
What does it honor? One of 74 Union brigade monuments erected at Gettysburg by the United States War Department to describe the movements and itinerary of each Union brigade of the Army of the Potomac. The monuments were designed by E.B. Cope. Many of the inscription tablets were made of bronze melted down from Civil War cannons.
How is it inscribed? The monument reads,
ARMY OF THE POTOMAC
FIFTH CORPS FIRST DIVISION
Col. Strong Vincent Col. James C. Rice
20th Maine 16th Michigan 44th New York
83D Pennsylvania Infantry
July 2. After 4 P. M. moved with the Division left in front to the support of the Third Corps line. The Brigade was detached and took position on Little Round Top advancing to the crests at the south and southwest. The 20th Maine 83D Penna. 44th New York and 16th Michigan took position from left to right. They were immediately attacked by Brig. Gen. Law’s Brigade and the contest raged for over two hours and until dark when the attack was repulsed with great loss in killed wounded and prisoners. Over 500 prisoners including 15 commissioned officers were captured. The 20th Maine and the 83D Penna. extended their lines after dark to the summit of Round Top.
July 3. Took position about noon with Second Brigade near the left centre of the main line of battle and remained in reserve through the day exposed to severe shelling but without loss.
July 4. Made a reconnaissance to the front without finding any Confederate forces in positions occupied by them the previous day.
Casualties Killed 6 Officers 83 Men Wounded 17 Officers 236 Men Captured or Missing 11 Men Total 353
When was this photograph taken? May 31, 2009. Monument faces east.
Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325. Located on West side of Sykes Avenue, south slope of Little Round Top.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? Yes.
Has this monument been moved or changed? This monument has not been materially altered or changed.
Secondary Monuments and Markers
Commander: Colonel Strong Vincent (June 17, 1837 – July 7, 1863) was a lawyer who became famous as a U.S. Army officer during the fighting on Little Round Top at the American Civil War Battle of Gettysburg, where he was mortally wounded. More about this officer.
After Action Report: After Action Report of Colonel James C. Rice (will open a pop up window).