The 3rd Corps, Artillery Brigade was also known as Randolph’s Brigade. During the battle of Gettysburg, it served as a member of the Third Corps, Army of the Potomac. The brigade is honored by two monuments, one at the Peach Orchard and one on Sickles Avenue.
About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? Circa 1912.
Who made it? Albert Russell & Sons Co. of Newburyport, Massachusetts. Erected by the United States War Department.
What does it depict? Oddly, the Third Corps artillery has two monuments at Gettysburg. The first is in the Division/Corps style, a rectangular upright rough hewn monument with bronze plaque affixed to the front. The second is the much more standard bronze marker with a square stone base. Marks the position and action of the brigade. Rough-hewn monolith, 4’2″x2′, 7′ high. Bronze inscription tablet, 3’8″x3’6 3/4″ mounted on polished face of monolith. Bronze corps insignia attached above tablet.
How is it inscribed? The monument reads,
ARMY OF THE POTOMAC
Capt. George E. Randolph Capt. A. Judson Clark
Battery B, 1st New Jersey Six 10 Pounders Capt. A. Judson Clark
Lieut. Robert Sims
Battery D, 1st New York Six 12 Pounders Capt. George B. Winslow
4th New York Battery Six 10 Pounders Capt. James E. Smith
Battery E, 1st Rhode Island Six 12 Pounders Lieut. John K. Bucklyn
Lieut. Benjamin Freeborn
Battery K, 4th United States Six 12 Pounders Lieut. Francis W. Seeley
Lieut. Robert James
July 2. Upon the advance of the 3D Corps between 2 and 3 P. M. the 4th N. Y. Battery was posted near Devil’s Den, Battery D, 1st N. Y. in the Wheatfield. Battery B, 1st N. J. near the Peach Orchard north of Wheatfield Road; Battery E, 1st R. I. on same road near the right of First Division and Battery K, 4th U. S. near the left of Second Division.
About 3.30 P M. Lt. Colonel F. McGilvery brought from the Artillery Reserve the 9th Mass. Battery, which was posted on the Wheatfield Road east of the Peach Orchard; 5th Mass. Battery (1Oth N. Y. Battery attached) within a 100 yards of 9th Mass. Battery and 15th N. Y. Battery to the east side of the Peach Orchard.
Later and during the battle, there was brought up Penna. Battery C & F, which took position at the salient in the Peach Orchard, and Battery F & K, 3D U. S. posted near the Roger House. Battery I, 5th U. S. was brought from 5th Corps and relieved Battery G, 1st New York.
Casualties Killed 8 Men Wounded 3 Officers 78 Men Captured or Missing 17 Men Total 10
When was this photograph taken? May 30, 2009.
Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325. Located on Southeast corner of Emmitsburg and Wheatfield Roads, in Peach Orchard.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? No.
Has this monument been moved or changed? This monument has not been moved or materially altered.
Secondary Monuments and Markers
Photographed: May 30, 2009.
Location: Sickles Avenue, Excelsior Field. Located on West side of North portion of Sickles Avenue, between United States Avenue and Wheatfield Road at Excelsior Field. This monument is denoted on the map above by a RED pushpin.
Description: One of 74 brigade monuments erected at Gettysburg by the War Department. The pedestals consist of sea-green granite with a square 36” x 36” base; they weigh 3500 pounds. On each pedestal is mounted a bronze tablet with rounded corners weighing 300 pounds. Bronze inscription tablet, 4”0’ x 3’8”, attached to slant face of polished sea green granite monolith. 3’0” squared base of monument tapers to a smaller dimension at the tablet. All 5’4” H. Text is as follows,
ARMY OF THE POTOMAC
Capt. George E. Randolph
Capt. A. Judson Clark
2D New Jersey Battery Six 10 Pounder Parrotts
Capt. A. Judson Clark Lieut. Robert Sims
1st New York Battery D Six 12 Pounders
Capt. George B. Winslow
4th NewYork Battery Six 12 Pounder Parrotts
Capt. James E. Smith
1st Rhode Island Battery E Six 12 Pounders
Lieut. John K. Bucklyn Lieut. Benjamin Freeborn
4th U. S. Battery K Six 12 Pounders
Lieut. Francis W. Seeley Lieut. Robert James
July 2. On the advance of the Corps between 2 and 3 P. M. the 4th New York Battery was placed near Devil’s Den Battery D 1st New York in the Wheatfield 9th and 5th Mass. (E 1Oth New York attached) Batteries from Artillery Reserve on Wheatfield Road 2D New Jersey Battery near Peach Orchard Battery G 1st New York from Artillery Reserve in the Peach Orchard. Along Emmitsburg Road were Batteries E 1st Rhode Island K 4th U. S. and F & K 3d U. S. from the Artillery Reserve. The artillery at Peach Orchard was reinforced by Battery I 5th U. S. 15th New York Battery and Penna. C & F from Artillery Reserve.
July 3. Not engaged except Battery K 4th U. S. early in the morning.
Casualties Killed 8 Men Wounded 3 Officers 78 Men Captured or Missing 17 Men Total 106
Commander: Capt. George E. Randolph.
After Action Report: After Action Report of Capt. George E. Randolph (will open a pop up window).