About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? July 2, 1893.
What is it made out of? Sculpture: granite with bronze elements; Base: granite.
What size is it? Sculpture: approx. 8 ft. x 4 ft. 2 in. x 4 ft. 2 in.; Base: approx. 18 in. x 6 ft. 8 in. x 6 ft. 8 in.
Who made it? Frederick & Field, fabricator.
What does it depict? Vertical rectangular sculpture with Gothic-apexed cap stands on a tiered base. There is a relief of crossed rifles and a wreath on the front face. The Corps Greek cross insignia is above the rifles and a round State Seal is affixed below on the plinth. Monument is a three-part stepped and tapered smooth cut granite shaft with a polished face and a concave cap set on a 6.8 foot square rough cut base with a tooled edge. The shaft contains a polished excised inscription, bronze medallion, crossed guns, and a wreath and corps symbol. Overall height is 10.6 feet. Flanking markers are one foot square.
What does it honor? It indicates the position held by the 49th New York Infantry on July 3, 1863.
How is it inscribed? 49TH N.Y. INF’Y/3D BRIG 2D DIV 6TH CORPS (On rear:) HELD THIS/POSITION/JULY 3D 1863/MUSTERED IN/AUG 26TH 1861/ENGAGED IN/30 BATTLES/MUSTERED OUT/JUNE 27TH 1865
When was this photograph taken? May 23, 2010.
Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, Neill Avenue, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325. Located on the “Lost Avenue.”
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? No.
Has this monument been moved or changed? This monument has not been changed or moved.
The 49th New York Infantry was also known as Second Buffalo. During the battle of Gettysburg, it served as a member of Neill’s Brigade in Howe’s Division of the Sedgwick’s Corps, Army of the Potomac. A Fighting 300 Regiment.
Commander: Col. Daniel D. Bidwell (1819-1864). Lawyer in Buffalo. Rose to rank of general. Mortally wounded at the battle of Cedar Creek.
Number Engaged: 414
Casualties: 2 wounded
Soldiers Buried in the New York Plot of the Gettysburg National Cemetery:
- Pvt. Nicholas Baquet, Company E, E-5
Raised: Chautauqua, Erie, Niagara, and Westchester counties.
Regimental History ~ Dyer’s Compendium of the War of the Rebellion:
Organized at Buffalo, N.Y., and mustered in September 18, 1861. Left State for Washington, D.C., September 20, 1861. Attached to Stevens’ 3rd Brigade, W. F. Smith’s Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 4th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, and Army of the Shenandoah, to June, 1865.
SERVICE.–Camp near Lewinsville, Defenses of Washington. D.C., until March, 1862. Action at Dranesville, Va., December 20, 1861. Advance on Manassas, Va., March 10-15, 1862. Ordered to the Peninsula, Va., March 22. Action at Lee’s Mills April 5. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Lee’s Mills April 16. Battle of Williamsburg May 5. Mechanicsville May 23-24. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Garnett’s Farm June 27. Garnett’s and Golding’s Farm June 28. Savage Station June 29. White Oak Swamp June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison’s Landing until August 16. Movement to Fortress Monroe, thence to Centreville August 16-27. In works at Centreville August 28-31, and cover Pope’s retreat to Fairfax Court House September 1. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battles of Crampton’s Pass, South Mountain September 14. Antietam September 16-17. Duty in Maryland until October 29. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 29-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. “Mud March” January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth until April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Operations about Franklin’s Crossing April 29-May 2. Battle of Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3. Salem Heights May 3-4. Banks’ Ford May 4. Deep Run Ravine June 5-13. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 2-4. Pursuit of Lee July 5-24. Fairfield, Pa., July 7. Duty on line of the Rappahannock until October. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Duty near Brandy Station until May, 1864. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 15. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient or “Bloody Angle” May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 17-18. Siege of Petersburg June 17-July 9. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23. Moved to Washington, D.C., July 9-11. Repulse of Early’s attack on Fort Stevens and the Northern Defenses of Washington July 11-12. Pursuit of Early July 14-22. Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Near Charlestown August 21-22. Gilbert’s Ford, Opequan Creek, September 13. Battle of Winchester September 19. Fisher’s Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty in the Shenandoah Valley until December. Moved to Washington, thence to Petersburg December 13-16. Siege of Petersburg December 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Fort Fisher, Petersburg, March 25, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Sailor’s Creek April 6. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Danville, Va., April 23-27. Duty there until May 18. Moved to Richmond, thence to Washington May 18-June 2. Corps Review June 8. (Old members mustered out September 17, 1864.) Mustered out June 27, 1865. Regiment lost during service 15 Officers and 126 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 5 Officers and 174 Enlisted men by disease. Total 320.
New York at Gettysburg
New York Infantry 10th Infantry :: 12th Infantry :: 33rd Infantry :: 39th Infantry :: 40th Infantry :: 41st Infantry :: 42nd Infantry :: 43rd Infantry :: 44th Infantry :: 45th Infantry :: 49th Infantry :: 52nd Infantry :: 54th Infantry :: 57th Infantry :: 58th Infantry :: 59th Infantry :: 60th Infantry :: 61st Infantry :: 62nd Infantry :: 63rd Infantry :: 64th Infantry :: 65th Infantry :: 66th Infantry :: 67th Infantry :: 68th Infantry :: 69th Infantry :: 70th Infantry :: 71st Infantry :: 72nd Infantry :: 73rd Infantry :: 74th Infantry :: 76th Infantry :: 77th Infantry :: 78th Infantry :: 80th Infantry :: 82nd Infantry :: 83rd Infantry :: 84th Infantry :: 86th Infantry :: 88th Infantry :: 94th Infantry :: 95th Infantry :: 97th Infantry :: 102nd Infantry :: 104th Infantry :: 107th Infantry :: 108th Infantry :: 111th Infantry :: 119th Infantry :: 120th Infantry :: 121st Infantry :: 122nd Infantry :: 123rd Infantry :: 124th Infantry :: 125th Infantry :: 126th Infantry :: 134th Infantry :: 136th Infantry :: 137th Infantry :: 140th Infantry :: 145th Infantry :: 146th Infantry :: 147th Infantry :: 149th Infantry :: 150th Infantry :: 154th Infantry :: 157th Infantry :: New York Cavalry :: 2nd Regiment :: 4th Regiment :: 5th Regiment :: 6th Regiment :: 8th Regiment :: 9th Regiment :: 10th Regiment :: Oneida Company :: New York Artillery :: 1st Artillery B (14th attached) :: 1st Artillery C :: 1st Artillery D :: 1st Artillery G :: 1st Artillery I :: 1st Artillery K (11th attached) :: 1st Artillery E&L :: 1st Artillery M :: 1st Independent :: 3rd Independent :: 4th Independent :: 5th Independent :: 6th Independent :: 10th Independent :: 13th Independent :: 15th Independent