The Army of Northern Virginia.
About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? 1910-1911.
What is it made out of? Foundation: Concrete. Monument: Granite. Plaque: Bronze.
What size is it? Rough-hewn monolith, seven feet tall.
Who made it? Albert Russell & Sons Co. of Newburyport, Massachusetts. Erected by the United States War Department.
What does it depict? Civil War Marker commemorates “headquarters” area of Army of Northern Virginia during Battle of Gettysburg, 1863. A rectangular granite monument, with a large bronze tablets thereon, describing the engagements and movements of the army. Smooth monolith with rough hewn top, 8’9″x4’7″, 2’2″ wide. Bronze inscription tablet, 3’8″x4’6″, mounted on East face. All 8’9″ H.
How is it inscribed? The monument reads,
ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA
General Robert E. Lee
The Army Consisted of Three Army Corps
First Army Corps Lieutenant General James Longstreet
Second Army Corps Lieutenant General Richard S. Ewell
Third Army Corps Lieutenant General Ambrose R Hill
Cavalry Division Major General J. E. B. Stuart
July 1. Heth’s and Pender’s Divisions Hill’s Corps reached the field about 1 P. M. and were soon engaged on the north and west of town with the First and Eleventh Corps of the Army of the Potomac. Johnson’s Division Ewell’s Corps and Anderson’s Division Hill’s Corps reaching the field about dark were not engaged Longstreet’s Corps on the march. Stuart’s Cavalry Division marching from Dover to Carlisle.
July 2. McLaw’s and Hood’s Divisions Longstreet’s Corps took the field about 3 P. M. and formed facing the Union left. An assault was made by the two divisions assisted by Anderson’s Division Hill’s Corps. The Union troops were dislodged from Emmitsburg Road and Peach Orchard engagement lasting until night losses heavy. Pickett’s Division Longstreet’s Corps on the march. Johnson’s Division Ewell’s Corps about dusk advanced to the assault of Culp’s Hill in connection with Early’s Division Ewell’s Corps. Rodes’ Division Ewell’s Corps held position west of town not engaged. Heth’s and Pender’s Divisions Hill’s Corps occupied Seminary Ridge facing Union line not engaged. Stuart’s Cavalry on left flank of Confederate Army.
July 3. Pickett’s Division Longstreet’s Corps reached the field in the morning. Assaulted the Union line on Cemetery Ridge about 3 P. M. assisted by Hill’s Corps. The assault failed with great loss. An attack made on the left by Johnson’s Division Ewell’s Corps reinforced by three brigades of the Corps failed. Stuart’s Cavalry Division engaged with 2d Union Cavalry Division and 2d Brigade 3d Cavalry Division on the Confederate left about 1 P. M.
July 4. The Army took up the line of march during the night.
When was this photograph taken? March 21, 2008.
Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325. Located opposite site where Lee witnessed the repulse of grand assault on July 3, 1863 and opposite the Virginia State monument. Adjacent to West Confederate Avenue and Spangler Woods.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? Yes.
Has this monument been moved or changed? This monument has not been moved or materially altered.
Secondary Monuments and Markers
Photographed: June 15, 2012.
Location: South Confederate Avenue. This monument is denoted on the map above by a RED pushpin.
Description: Erected in 1901. Marks the right flank of the general infantry line of the Army of Northern Virginia during the Battle of Gettysburg. Painted cast iron tablet, 2’9″x1’8″, on granite shaft base, 2’10″ high. Cast by C. Gilbert.
Photographed: June 4, 2010.
Location: Chambersburg Pike across the road from the Thompson House. Located on South side of Chambersburg Pike (US30), West of Seminary Lane and Confederate Avenue. This monument is denoted on the map above by a BLUE pushpin.
Description: Erected by the Gettysburg National Parks Commission and completed in 1920-1921; consists of bronze cannon mounted on a granite base. Designates location of Lee’s Headquarters during Battle of Gettysburg, July 1-3, 1863. Bronze inscription tablet on North face.
Commander: General Robert Edward Lee (January 19, 1807 – October 12, 1870) was a career United States Army officer, a combat engineer, and among the most celebrated generals in American history. He is also one of the very few generals in modern military history to ever be offered the highest command of two opposing armies. More about this officer.
After Action Report: After Action Report of General Robert E. Lee (will open a pop up window).