About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? 1914.
What is it made out of? Granite and bronze.
What size is it? Rough-hewn monolith, 1’7?x3’6?, 5’6? high. Bronze tablets, 3? square, in shape of a Maltese cross mounted on slanted face of monolith.
Who made it? Van Amringe Company (granite bases), Albert Russell & Sons Company (bronze tablets). Erected by the Gettysburg National Military Park Commission.
What does it honor? The First Corps field hospitals were located near this monument. The First Division hospital was located at Mark’s German Reformed Church. (The church that now stands there was built a few years after the battle). The Second Division used the Isaac Lightner primarily; the house still stands on the property.
How is it inscribed? The monument reads,
Army of the Potomac
The Division Field Hospitals of the First Corps were located July 1st at the Lutheran Theological Seminary, the Penna. College, the Courthouse, and other churches and buildings in Gettysburg. When these fell into the hands of the Confederates the chief medical officers remained with the wounded.
July 2nd Hospitals were established near White Church on the Baltimore Pike. These Hospitals cared for 2379 wounded.
Medical Director 1st Corps Surgeon J.T. Heard U.S. Volunteers
1st Division Surgeon G.W. New 7th Indiana Infantry
2nd Division Surgeon C.J. Nordquist 83rd N.Y. Infantry
3rd Division Surgeon W.T. Humphrey 149th Penna. Infantry
Medical Officer in charge of the Corps Hospitals Surgeon A.J. Ward 2nd Wisconsin Infantry.
When was this photograph taken? May 30, 2009.
Medical Director: Surgeon John Theodore Heard (ca. 1836-1906), 13th Massachusetts Infantry. Native of Boston.
Where is it located? The First Corps hospital marker is located near White Church near the intersection of the White Church Road and the Baltimore Pike between Gettysburg and the town of Two Taverns. Placed near actual sites of 1st US Corps Hospital, opposite of Mark’s Church on Baltimore Pike. Hospitals for 1st Corps were housed in a number of buildings.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? No.
Has this monument been moved or changed? This monument has not been changed or materially altered.